Advertisement

Natural Ventilation in Hot Seaside Urban Environments

  • Khaled A. Al-SallalEmail author
  • Amira R. AbouElhamd
Chapter
Part of the Innovative Renewable Energy book series (INREE)

Abstract

The actual levels of the ambient air temperature, solar radiation and wind can be modified by the design details of the outdoor spaces (Givoni et al. 2003; Al-Sallal 2016a). Air movement is considered one of the factors with special significance that is influencing thermal comfort. It is quite important, therefore, to study the effect of natural ventilation on outdoor thermal comfort and link it to different urban geometries. Moreover, and due to its major impact on building energy, ventilation plays a vital role in designing building systems, and it affects directly on the amount of building energy consumption. Ventilation is also required for breathing and removal of internally produced pollution and is used for cooling building structures especially in hot arid climates via night ventilation (Kazmerski et al. 1998). Seral issues will be discussed relating to ventilation in hot humid climate like UAE.

Keywords

Ventilation Comfort Wind movement Arid climate 

References

  1. Abd Razak, A., Hagishima, A., Ikegaya, N., & Tanimoto, J. (2013). Analysis of airflow over building arrays for assessment of urban wind environment. Building and Environment, 59, 56–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abd Razak, A., Rodzi, M. A. M., Jumali, A. H., & Zaki, S. A. (2015). Analysis of pedestrian-level wind velocity in four neighbourhoods in Klang Valley. Jurnal Teknologi, 76, 25–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Al-Sallal, K. A., & Al-Rais, L. (2011). Outdoor airflow analysis and potential for passive cooling in the traditional urban context of Dubai. Renewable Energy, 36, 2494–2501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Al-Sallal, K. A., & Al-Rais, L. (2012). Outdoor airflow analysis and potential for passive cooling in the modern urban context of Dubai. Renewable Energy, 38, 40–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Al-Sallal, K. A. (2016a). Low Lnergy Low Carbon Architecture: Recent Advances and Future Directions, a book in the book series “Sustainable energy developments”. CRC Taylor and Francis Group.Google Scholar
  6. Al-Sallal, K. A. (2016b). Passive and Low Energy Cooling. A chapter in K. Al-Sallal (Ed.), Low Energy Low Carbon Architecture: Recent Advances & Future Directions, (pp. 17–62). CRC Taylor and Francis Group.Google Scholar
  7. Al Sabbagh, N., Yannas, S., & Cadima, P. (2016). Improving pedestrian thermal sensation in Dubai. In PLEA 2016 – 36th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Cities, Buildings, People: Towards Regenerative Environments, Los Angeles.Google Scholar
  8. Architecture 2030. (2011). Architecture 2030 [Online]. http://architecture2030.org/. Accessed 1 Nov 2013.
  9. Fan, M., Chau, C., Chan, E., & Jia, J. (2017). A decision support tool for evaluating the air quality and wind comfort induced by different opening configurations for buildings in canyons. Science of the Total Environment, 574, 569–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Geros, V. (2000). Ventilation nocturne: Contribution a la reponse thermique des batiments. Thèse, INSA, Lyon.Google Scholar
  11. Givoni, B., Noguchi, M., Saaroni, H., Pochter, O., Yaacov, Y., Feller, N., & Becker, S. (2003). Outdoor comfort research issues. Energy and Buildings, 35, 77–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Global Footprint Network. (2010). Ecological footprint atlas 2010. http://www.footprintnetwork.org. Abgerufen am 4 Feb 2011.
  13. Hong, B., & Lin, B. (2015). Numerical studies of the outdoor wind environment and thermal comfort at pedestrian level in housing blocks with different building layout patterns and trees arrangement. Renewable Energy, 73, 18–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jamei, E., & Rajagopalan, P. (2017). Urban development and pedestrian thermal comfort in Melbourne. Solar Energy, 144, 681–698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Johansson, E. (2006). Influence of urban geometry on outdoor thermal comfort in a hot dry climate: A study in Fez, Morocco. Building and Environment, 41, 1326–1338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kazmerski, L., Gallo, C., Sala, M., & Sayigh, A. (1998). Architecture: Comfort and energy. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science.Google Scholar
  17. Kharecha, P. A., Kutscher, C. F., Hansen, J. E., & Mazria, E. (2010). Options for near-term phaseout of CO2 emissions from coal use in the United States. Environmental Science & Technology, 44, 4050–4062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kubota, T., & Ahmad, S. (2005). Analysis of wind flow in residential areas of Johor Bahru City. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 4, 209–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lai, D., Guo, D., Hou, Y., Lin, C., & Chen, Q. (2014). Studies of outdoor thermal comfort in northern China. Building and Environment, 77, 110–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Makaremi, N., Salleh, E., Jaafar, M. Z., & Ghaffarianhoseini, A. (2012). Thermal comfort conditions of shaded outdoor spaces in hot and humid climate of Malaysia. Building and Environment, 48, 7–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Milne, M. Climate Consultant Software. Los Angeles: Dept. of Architecture and Urban Planning, UCLA. http://www.energy-design-tools.aud.ucla.edu/
  22. Rajagopalan, P., Lim, K. C., & Jamei, E. (2014). Urban heat island and wind flow characteristics of a tropical city. Solar Energy, 107, 159–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rismanian, M., Forughi, A., Vesali, F., & Mahmoodabadi, M. (2016). Investigation of the effect of walkway orientation on natural ventilation. Scientia Iranica. Transaction B, Mechanical Engineering, 23, 678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Santamouris, M. (2001). Energy in the urban built environment. London: James and James Science.Google Scholar
  25. Santamouris, M. (2005). Energy in the urban built environment: The role of natural ventilation. Natural ventilation in the urban environment: Assessment and design, 1–19.Google Scholar
  26. Santamouris, M., & Asimakopoulos, D. (1987). Passive cooling of buildings. London: James and James Science.Google Scholar
  27. Santamouris, M. (2012). Energy in the built environment. A chapter in C. Ghiaus & F. Allard (Eds.) Natural ventilation in the built environment: assessment and design. London, UK.: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  28. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2014). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision, Highlights. Internet: https://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/publications/files/wup2014-highlights.Pdf, ST/ESA/SER.A/352.
  29. Wackernagel, M., Onisto, L., Bello, P., Linares, A. C., Falfan, I. S. L., Garcia, J. M., Guerrero, A. I. S., & Guerrero, M. G. S. (1999). National natural capital accounting with the ecological footprint concept. Ecological Economics, 29, 375–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wikipedia. (2017). Climate of Dubai [Online]. Accessed 23 May 2017.Google Scholar
  31. World Wildlife Foundation. (2010). Living planet report 2010: Biodiversity, biocapacity and development, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  32. Yannas, S. (2001). Toward more sustainable cities. Solar Energy, 70, 281–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UAE UniversityAl-AinUAE

Personalised recommendations