Cenozoic Uplift and Exhumation of the Frontal Cordillera Between 30° and 35° S and the Influence of the Subduction Dynamics in the Flat Slab Subduction Context, South Central Andes

  • Ana C. Lossada
  • Laura Giambiagi
  • Gregory Hoke
  • José Mescua
  • Julieta Suriano
  • Manuela Mazzitelli
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)


This review explores the timing of uplift and exhumation of the Frontal Cordillera range in the South Central Andes between 30° and 35° S summing up the available published evidence up to present. In this segment of the Andes, the Frontal Cordillera straddles a transition from the Chilean–Pampean flat-slab segment to a normal subduction segment and exhibits remarkable along-strike variations in the amount of horizontal shortening, onset of Miocene deformation, and orogenic width, while mean elevations remain steady. None of these variations seem to correspond, in time or space, to the shift in the subduction dynamics; instead, we propose that they represent the expression of inherited features in the continental crust such as the presence of post-Triassic basins or paleo-relief.


Frontal cordillera Exhumation Cenozoic contraction South Central Andes Flat slab 



Ana Lossada acknowledges the Tectonics Group—IANIGLA for the stimulating discussions. D. Yagupsky is thanked for a critical review of an early version of the manuscript, and the Chilean Geological and Mining Survey for the fieldwork facilities. This research was supported by a grant from the Argentine Agencia de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (PICT 2011–1079) and an Argentine Presidential-Fulbright Fellowship in Science and Technology.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana C. Lossada
    • 1
  • Laura Giambiagi
    • 1
  • Gregory Hoke
    • 2
  • José Mescua
    • 1
  • Julieta Suriano
    • 3
  • Manuela Mazzitelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y TecnológicasIANIGLA, CCT MendozaMendozaArgentina
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesSyracuse UniversitySyracuse NYUSA
  3. 3.IGeBA—FCEyN, UBA-CONICETBuenos AiresArgentina

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