Towards the Applicability of NAO Robot for Children with Autism in Pakistan

  • Muneeb Imtiaz AhmadEmail author
  • Suleman Shahid
  • Anam Tahir
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10515)


In this paper, we present a HRI study that reports on the potential of NAO as a socially assistive robot in Pakistan. Our findings generated through interviewing 2 parents and 5 teachers on the plausibility of using NAO robot as an interaction partner show that both groups welcomed the use of NAO at schools. They, however, were sceptical due to missing NAO’s facial expressions and certain body parts such as nose and lips. They also emphasised the importance of creating natural text to speech interface for the Urdu Language. Our findings taken from 7 autistic children to measure their level of social interaction during HRI revealed that children positively engaged with the NAO robot and showed a significant number of both verbal and non-verbal behaviours.


Autism spectrum disorder Children-robot interaction Socially Assistive Robots 


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Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muneeb Imtiaz Ahmad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Suleman Shahid
    • 2
  • Anam Tahir
    • 2
  1. 1.Human Machine Interaction Group, MARCS InstituteWestern Sydney UniversitySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceLahore University of Management SciencesLahorePakistan

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