Text Priming - Effects of Text Visualizations on Readers Prior to Reading

  • Tilman DinglerEmail author
  • Dagmar Kern
  • Katrin Angerbauer
  • Albrecht Schmidt
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10515)


Living in our information society poses the challenge of having to deal with a plethora of information. While most content is represented through text, keyword extraction and visualization techniques allow the processing and adjustment of text presentation to the readers’ individual requirements and preferences. In this paper, we investigate four types of text visualizations and their feasibility to give readers an overview before they actually engage with a text: word clouds, highlighting, mind maps, and image collages. In a user study with 50 participants, we assessed the effects of such visualizations on reading comprehension, reading time, and subjective impressions. Results show that (1) mind maps best support readers in getting the gist of a text, (2) they also give better subjective impressions on text content and structure, and (3) highlighting keywords in a text before reading helps to reduce reading time. We discuss a set of guidelines to inform the design of automated systems for creating text visualizations for reader support.


Priming Reading interfaces Comprehension Text visualization 



We thank our study participants and acknowledge the financial support of the Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) programme within the 7th Framework Programme for Research of the European Commission, under FET grant number: 612933 (RECALL).


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Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tilman Dingler
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dagmar Kern
    • 2
  • Katrin Angerbauer
    • 1
  • Albrecht Schmidt
    • 1
  1. 1.VISUniversity of StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.GESIS Leibniz Institute for the Social SciencesCologneGermany

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