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Stereophotogrammetry in Functional Evaluation: History and Modern Protocols

  • Andrea Ancillao
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Abstract

This chapter contains a brief survey on the history of motion analysis and a review of the earliest experiments in biomechanics. The most famous historical works, mainly based on photography, are described. As most of the modern research in functional evaluation and biomechanics is mainly based on the use of optoelectronic systems, the working principle of such systems is reviewed as well as their application and setup in clinical practice. Some modern functional evaluation protocols are reviewed. These include: (i) the quantitative evaluation of physical performance; (ii) the analysis of small movements, such as handwriting or facial expressions; and (iii) other protocols aimed at the clinical diagnosis of motor disorders. Special attention is paid to a common motion analysis exam that is nowadays standardised worldwide: gait analysis. Examples of gait analysis studies on subjects with pathology and follow-up are reviewed, and the clinical interpretation of gait analysis and methods to quantify deviation from normality are discussed in Chap.  3.

Keywords

Biomechanics Chronophotography Functional evaluation Human performance Motion analysis Stereophotogrammetry 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly

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