A Half Century in the Making: Governing Commercial Fisheries Through Indigenous Marine Co-management and the Torngat Joint Fisheries Board
A network of Indigenous co-management organizations is alive and robust within the management of fisheries in Canada and, subsequently, forms an important part of Arctic marine governance. This chapter examines Indigenous co-management in the Labrador Inuit Settlement Region of Nunatsiavut, Labrador through a case study of the Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement and the Torngat Joint Fisheries Board (TJFB). Through an analysis of the continuum of control of fish management policies in Nunatsiavut, and the resulting social, ecological, and economic outcomes, of Northern Shrimp, Snow Crab, and Arctic Char case studies, this chapter will illustrate the opportunity to engage the co-management organizations and processes to create more value for Inuit communities, and opportunities to facilitate further Indigenous participation in fisheries – engagement which ultimately will create healthier communities and ecosystems. In so doing, this chapter argues for a shift away from legal interpretation of the land claims documents, and calls for more emphasis to be placed on the spirit and intent of these documents in order to encourage and initiate dialogues and actions that are intended to meet and exceed the objectives of the land claims themselves.
KeywordsIndigenous co-management Land claims Marine governance Nunatsiavut Torngat Joint Fisheries Board Arctic Reconciliation Inuit
This chapter would not have been possible without the support of the Torngat Joint Fisheries Board (Chesley Andersen, David Bonnell, John Mercer, Derrick Pottle, Craig Taylor, and Keith Watts), past board members (Eric Andersen, Joey Angnatok, Ricky Edmunds, Stanley Oliver, Alphonsus Pittman, and Alex Saunders), colleagues at the Torngat Wildlife, Plants and Fisheries Secretariat (Rosamond Andersen, Aaron Dale, Victoria Neville, Beverly White, and Bryn Wood), and past Torngat Secretariat colleagues (Julianna Coffey and Julie Whalen). Thanks also to the University of Guelph Department of Population Medicine. The work of the Torngat Joint Fisheries Board is tripartite funded by the Nunatsiavut Government, Government of Canada and the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Maps and figures created by Bryn Wood of the Torngat Secretariat.
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