Retinal Prostheses: Other Therapies and Future Directions

  • Olivier Goureau
  • Christelle Monville
  • Antoine Chaffiol
  • Gregory Gauvain
  • Serge Picaud
  • Jens Duebel
  • José-Alain Sahel
Part of the Essentials in Ophthalmology book series (ESSENTIALS)


Inherited and age-related retinal dystrophies, such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), respectively, are a leading cause of irreversible vision loss. Various approaches aiming at restoring visual function in the blind are currently under development and evaluation: neuroprotection, gene and cell therapy, and retinal prostheses. In this review, we focus on recent advances in optogenetics and cell therapy, two therapeutic strategies that have the potential to restore vision in a broad spectrum of retinal degenerative diseases. We discuss major advantages of optogenetics and cell therapies as well as their current limitations.


Cell therapies Optogenetics Photoreceptors Regenerative medicine Retinal pigmented epithelium Retinal dystrophies Vision loss Vision restoration 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier Goureau
    • 1
  • Christelle Monville
    • 2
  • Antoine Chaffiol
    • 1
  • Gregory Gauvain
    • 1
  • Serge Picaud
    • 1
  • Jens Duebel
    • 1
  • José-Alain Sahel
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Institut de la Vision, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 6, INSERM UMRS_968, CNRS UMR 7210ParisFrance
  2. 2.Université Evry Val Essonne, ISTEMParisFrance
  3. 3.Centre Hospitalier National d’Ophtalmologie des Quinze-Vingts, DHU Sight Restore, INSERM-DHOS CICParisFrance
  4. 4.Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de RothschildParisFrance
  5. 5.Department of OphthalmologyThe University of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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