Advertisement

Viscoelastic Properties

  • Boris RadovskiyEmail author
  • Bagdat Teltayev
Chapter
Part of the Structural Integrity book series (STIN, volume 2)

Abstract

This chapter is introductory and discusses aspects related to viscoelastic behavior of bitumen and asphalt mixture. This chapter highlights the viscoelastic properties applicable to asphalt and asphalt concrete which are to facilitate further reading. Some fundamental concepts of linear viscoelasticity are reviewed in order to understand the behavior of bitumen and asphalt concrete. Included in that discussion are the stiffness modulus as introduced by Van der Poel in asphalt technology; the concept of viscoelastic material that was first introduced by Maxwell on the example of bitumen; the concepts of viscosity and relaxation time. This chapter explains how the Boltzmann superposition principle can be applied to predict the evolution of either the deformation or the stress for continuous and discontinuous mechanical histories in linear viscoelasticity. Mathematical relationships between transient compliance functions and transient relaxation moduli are obtained, and interrelations between viscoelastic functions in the time domain are given. Experimental methods to measure the viscoelastic functions in the time and frequency domain are described as applied to asphalt concrete relaxation testing under axial tension and bitumen shear testing under cyclic loading. The first chapter discussed various rheological characteristics of viscoelastic properties of asphalt: creep compliance, relaxation modulus, complex modulus as well as the stiffness modulus, and it was shown that they were interrelated. Last paragraph outlines the time-temperature correspondence principle and gives an example of shift factors obtained based on the test data on asphalt concrete stiffness modulus in the uniaxial tensile testing at different temperatures.

References

  1. Asphalt Institute (1982), Research and development of the Asphalt Institute’s thickness design manual, Manual Series1, Research Report 82–2, MarylandGoogle Scholar
  2. British Standards (2001), BS EN12697: Bituminous mixtures. Test methods for hot mix asphalt, British Standards Publ., UK, HD23/99 (1999). Design manual for roads and bridges, vol 7, Pavement Design and MaintenanceGoogle Scholar
  3. Burmister D (1945) The general theory of stresses and displacements in layered soil systems. J Appl Phys 6(2):89–96, (3):126–127, (5):296–302Google Scholar
  4. Chen EY, Pan GE, Norfolk TS, Wang O (2011) Surface loading of a multilayered viscoelastic pavement. Road Mat Pav Des 12:849–874Google Scholar
  5. Claessen A, Edwards J, Sommer P, Uge P (1977) Asphalt pavement design—the shell method. In: Arbor A (ed) Proceedings of the 4th international conference on the structural design of asphalt pavements, vol I, pp 39–74Google Scholar
  6. Design of Pavement Structures, Technical Guide (in French). SETRA, Laboratoire Central des Pontset Chaussées, Dec 1994Google Scholar
  7. Ferry JD (1963) The viscoelastic properties of polymers (Translation from English). IL, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  8. Friedrich C, Honerkamp J, Weese J (1996) New ill-posed problems in rheology. Rheol Acta 35:186–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Heukelom W, Klomp A (1964) Road design and dynamic loading. In: Proceedings of the association of asphalt paving technologists, vol 33, pp 92–123Google Scholar
  10. Industry Road Code 218.046-01Б (2001) Design of flexible pavement. MoscowGoogle Scholar
  11. Industry-specific construction standard (1985) Design of flexible pavement. Transport, Moscow, pp 46–83Google Scholar
  12. Kobeko PP, Kuvshinskii EV, Gurevich GI (1937) Analysis of amorphous state. News Acad Sci USSR 3:329–344Google Scholar
  13. Kogan B (1953) Stress and strains in multilayered pavement. In: Works of Kharkov Automobile-Highway University (14), pp 33–46Google Scholar
  14. Kolbanovskaya A, Mikhaylov V (1973) Paving asphalts. Transport, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  15. Krishnan JM, Rajagopal KR (2003) Review of the uses and modeling of bitumen from ancient to modern times. American society of mechanical engineers. Appl Mech Rev 56(2):149–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Leaderman H (1941) Textile materials and the time factor: I: mechanical behavior of textile fibers and plastics. Text Res 11:171–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lesueur D (2009) The colloidal structure of bitumen: consequences on the rheology and on the mechanisms of bitumen modification. Adv Coll Interface Sci 145(1–2):42–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Maxwell JC (1866) On the dynamical theory of gases. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (A157) London, pp 26–78Google Scholar
  19. Maxwell J (2001) Theory of heat. Elibron Classics (Reprint of the 1872 edn.)Google Scholar
  20. Mehta YA, Christensen DW (2000) J Assoc Asph Pav Tech 69:281–312Google Scholar
  21. Monismith CL, Alexander RL, Secor KE (1966) Rheological behavior of asphalt concrete. In: Proceedings of the association of asphalt paving technologists, vol 35, pp 400–450Google Scholar
  22. Mozgovoy VV (1986) Assessment of low temperature cracking resistance in asphalt pavements, Ph.D. Thesis, Ukrainian Transport University, KievGoogle Scholar
  23. Privarnikov A, Radovskii B (1981) Action of moving load on viscoelastic multilayer base. Int Appl Mech 17(6):534–540zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  24. Radovskiy B (1982) Theoretical foundation of pavement design as viscoelastic layered system subjected to moving load. Synopsis of Thesis, State Automobile and Road Technical University, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  25. Reiner M (1965) Rheology. NAUKA, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  26. Shell (1978) Pavement design manual—asphalt pavements and overlays for road traffic. Shell International Petroleum Co Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  27. Teliaev P (1964) Stress state of pavement under static and short-term loading. Highways 6:20–21Google Scholar
  28. Tschoegl N (1989) The phenomenological theory of linear viscoelastic behavior. Springer, HeidelbergCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  29. Van der Poel C (1954) A general system describing the viscoelastic properties of bitumens and its relation to routine test data. J Appl Chem 4:221–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Van der Poel C (1958) On the rheology of concentrated dispersions. Rheol Acta 1:198–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Vinogradov GV, Isayev AI, Zolotaryov VA, Verebskaya EA (1977) Rheological properties of road bitumens. Rheol Acta 16:266–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Williams ML, Landel RF, Ferry JD (1955) The temperature dependence of relaxation mechanisms in amorphous polymers and other glass-forming liquids. J Amer Chem Soc 77:3701–3707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Standard Specification for Performance Graded Asphalt Binder: ASTM D6373, AASHTOM320Google Scholar
  34. Zolotaryov V (1977) Asphalt concrete durability. Vysshaya Shkola, KharkovGoogle Scholar
  35. Zolotaryov VA (2010) Fundamental asphalt concrete linear viscoelastic deformation. Sci Tech Road Ind: 24–27Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radnat ConsultingIrvineUSA
  2. 2.Kazakhstan Highway Research InstituteAlmatyKazakhstan

Personalised recommendations