Sustainable Development Within the Norms of the Biosphere’s Carrying Capacity

  • Victor I. Danilov-Danil’yan
  • Igor E. Reyf


A shot across humanity’s bow—Law of energy flow distribution in the biota—The energy quota of large animals—The biosphere’s economic capacity as the quantity of its extreme disruption—Human civilization’s energy corridor—The “geographic equivalent” for the biosphere’s disruption threshold.


Oceanic carbon sink Biosphere’s carrying capacity Net primary production Viktor Gorshkov Anastasia Makarieva Production flows in the biota Energy distribution in the biota Large animals in the biosphere Genetic decay The energy corridor of civilization Limits of the biosphere 


  1. Gorshkov, V. G. (1981). Distribution of energy flow among organisms of different sizes. Zhurnal obshchey biologii, 42, 417–429. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. Gorshvov, V. G. (1990). Biospheric energetics and environmental stability. In Itogi nauki i tekhniki, Teoreticheskie i obshchie voprosy geografii (Vol. 7). Moscow: VINITI. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. Gorshkov, V. G., Gorshkov, V. V., & Makarieva, A. M. (2000). Biotic regulation of the environment: Key issue of global change (p. 367). London: Springer.Google Scholar
  4. Gorshkov, V. G., Makarieva, A. M., & Gorshkov, V. V. (2004). Revising the fundamentals of ecological knowledge: The biota-environment interaction. Ecological Complexity, 1, 17–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Govindjee (Ed.). (1982). Photosynthesis, Development, carbon metabolism and plant productivity (Vol. 2). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  6. Green, N. P. O., Stout, G. W., Taylor, D. J. (1984). In R. Soper (Ed.), Biological science (Vols. 1 and 2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Houghton, J. T., Meira Filho, L. G., Callander, B. A., Harris, N., Kattenberg, A., & Maskels, K. (Eds.). (1996). Climate change 1995: The science of climate change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Isaiev, A. S., Khlebopros, R. G., Nedorezov, L. V., Kondrakov, Y. P., & Kiseliov, V. V. (2001). The dynamics of insect population numbers. Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. Leith, H., & Whittaker, R. H. (1975). Primary productivity of the biosphere. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Makarieva, A. M., Gorshkov, V. G., & Vil’derer, P. A. (2014). On the scientific analysis of evolution. Energy: Economics, technology. Ekologia, (9), 65–70. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. McNab, B. K. (1983). Energetics, body size and the limits to endothermy. Journal of Zoology, 199(1), 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sakharov, A.D. (1990). The Peace, Progress and The Human Rights. Articles and speeches. Leningrad: Sovetsky pisatel’. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. Zavarzin, G. A. (2004). Lectures on environmental microbiology. Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor I. Danilov-Danil’yan
    • 1
  • Igor E. Reyf
    • 2
  1. 1.Correspondent Member of Russian Academy of SciencesDirector of the Water Problems Institute of RASMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Freelance Journalist/WriterFrankfurt am MainGermany

Personalised recommendations