Forensic Clinical Anatomy—Definitions, Methods and Fields

  • Andrea Porzionato
  • Veronica Macchi
  • Marios Loukas
  • Raffaele De Caro


Forensic Clinical Anatomy may be defined as the practical application of Clinical Anatomy to the ascertainment and evaluation of medico-legal problems. Individual Anatomy (normal anatomy, anatomical variations, age-, disease- or surgery-related modifications) may acquire relevant significance in various fields of Legal Medicine, such as Child Abuse, Sudden Death, Medical Responsibility and/or Liability, Personal Injury and Damage. Anatomical data of forensic interest may arise from the correct application of methods of ascertainment and anatomical methodologies may then be required for further comprehensive analysis. The rigorous interpretation of the anatomical data, derived from ascertainment phase and analysed on the basis of pertinent literature, may be pivotal for the correct application of evaluation criteria in various forensic contexts. Awareness of the relevance of Individual Anatomy should be one of the principles guiding the Clinician to Personalized Medicine; conversely, in Personalized Justice, medico-legal analyses cannot ignore the implications of individual anatomy in terms of ascertainment and evaluation.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Porzionato
    • 1
  • Veronica Macchi
    • 1
  • Marios Loukas
    • 2
  • Raffaele De Caro
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Anatomy, Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Anatomical SciencesSt. George’s UniversityGreat River, West IndiesGrenada

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