Acute Urinary Tract Infection in Infants and Children: Evidence-Based Emergency Imaging

  • Roshanak Benabbas
  • Paul Cronin
  • Carol E. Barnewolt
  • Leonard P. Connolly
  • Carlos R. EstradaJr.
  • Kimberly E. Applegate
Chapter
Part of the Evidence-Based Imaging book series (Evidence-Based Imag.)

Abstract

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common infection in children. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of UTI are recommended. In the absence of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), grade I to IV antibiotic prophylaxis is not warranted following UTI. Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) is not required after the first UTI unless ultrasound (US) reveals abnormalities that are suggestive of high-grade VUR.

Keywords

Urinary tract infection Vesicoureteral reflux Computed tomography Ultrasonography Voiding cystourethrography Emergency imaging Evidence-based imaging 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roshanak Benabbas
    • 1
  • Paul Cronin
    • 2
    • 3
  • Carol E. Barnewolt
    • 4
    • 5
  • Leonard P. Connolly
    • 5
    • 6
  • Carlos R. EstradaJr.
    • 5
    • 7
  • Kimberly E. Applegate
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineSUNY Downstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Division of Cardio-Thoracic RadiologyMichigan MedicineAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Health SystemsAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyBoston Children’s HospitalBostonUSA
  5. 5.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  6. 6.Department of RadiologyMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  7. 7.Department of UrologyBoston Children’s HospitalBostonUSA
  8. 8.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Kentucky Children’s HospitalLexingtonUSA

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