Semen Armeniacae amarum – Kuxingren

Semen Persicae – Taoren
  • Hildebert Wagner
  • Stefanie Püls
  • Talee Barghouti
  • Anton Staudinger
  • Dieter Melchart



  1. 1.
    Pharmacopoeia of the People’s Republic of China, English Edition Vol. I, People’s Medical Publishing House, Beijing (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Keys JD, Chinese Herbs – Their Botany, Chemistry, and Pharmacodynamics, Charles E. Tuttle Company; Rutland, Vermont; Tokyo, Japan (1987)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhang ZZ, An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica in Hong Kong, School of Chinese Medicine/Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tang W, Eisenbrand G, Handbook of Chinese Medicinal Plants – Chemistry, Pharmacology, Toxicology, Vol. 2, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KgaA, Weinheim (2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hempen C-H, Fischer T, A Materia Medica for Chinese Medicine, English Edition, Elsevier GmbH, Urban & Fischer, Munich (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kwon HJ, Lee JH, Hong SP, Improvement of the Extraction Efficiency of D-Amygdalin from Armeniacae Semen Powder through Inactivating Emulsin and Suppressing the Epimerization of D-Amygdalin, Arch. Pharm. Res. 33(1), 81-86 (2010)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chang HK, Yang HY, Lee TH, Shin MC, Lee MH, Shin MS, Kim CJ, Kim OJ, Hong SP, Cho S, Armeniacae semen Extract Suppresses Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Expressions of Cycloosygenase-2 and Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase in Mouse BV2 Microglial Cells, Biol. Pharm. Bull. 28(3), 449-454 (2005)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jin J, Liu B, Zhang H, Tian X, Cai Y, Gao P, Mutagenicity of Chinese traditional medicine Semen Armeniacae amarum by two modified Ames tests, BMC Complement. Altern. Med. 9, 43-50 (2009)CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Park JH, Seo BI, Cho SY, Park KR, Choi SH, Han CK, Song CH, Park SJ, Ku SK, Single Oral Dose Toxicity Study of Prebrewed Armeniacae Semen in Rats, Toxicol. Res. 29(2), 91-98 (2013)CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fukuda T, Ito H, Mukainaka T, Tokuda H, Nishino H, Yoshida T, Anti-tumor Promoting Effect of Glycosides from Prunus persica Seeds, Biol. Pharm. Bull. 26(2), 271-273 (2003)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Isozaki T, Matano Y, Yamamoto K, Kosaka N, Tani T, Quantitative determination of amygdalin epimers by cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A 923(1–2), 249-254 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tanaka R, Nitta A, Nagatsu A, Application of a quantitative 1H-NMR method for the determination of amygdalin in Persicae semen, Armeniacae semen, and Mume Fructus, J. Nat. Med. 68(1), 225-230 (2014)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hildebert Wagner
    • 1
  • Stefanie Püls
    • 2
  • Talee Barghouti
    • 2
  • Anton Staudinger
    • 3
  • Dieter Melchart
    • 4
  1. 1.LMU Munich Center of Pharma ResearchMunichGermany
  2. 2.Center of Pharma ResearchLMU Munich Center of Pharma ResearchMunichGermany
  3. 3.TCM-Klinik Bad KötztingBad KötztingGermany
  4. 4.Klinikum rechts der IsarKompetenzzentrum KomplementärmedMünchenGermany

Personalised recommendations