Review Chapter: Fusarium Genus and Essential Oils

Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 19)

Abstract

The Fusarium genus belongs to the most significant fungi genera on earth. Enumeration of the large number of its importance aspects is beyond the means of one scientific discipline. Similarly, it comprises a huge group of many organisms, which are currently considered from many taxonomic viewpoints, in the light of developing modern methods and fungal taxonomy. The Fusarium genus includes a large number of species, which are pathogenic not only for plants, but also humans or livestock, where they cause local and systemic mycosis dangerous to life. In agriculture and plant protection, many species of the Fusarium genus constitute an enormous problem with huge economic impacts on plant and food production. One of the most dangerous properties is considered as the capability to produce chemically variegated and mostly extremely dangerous secondary toxic metabolites, which are known commonly as Fusarium mycotoxins. It is the Fusarium mycotoxins, which rank among the most dangerous mycotoxins. In conventional agricultural practice, but also in the treatment of human mycosis, elaborate strategies for fungicidal treatment exist that use synthetic fungicides. Thanks to the increasing number of cases of fungal resistance to synthetic fungicides and problems with residues in the ecosystem, the popularity of research in alternative and natural protection methods is increasing. Essential oils (EOs) are an excellent alternative based on natural mixtures and biodegradable substances of natural origin. The next chapter discusses the problems of fusaria from the above-mentioned aspects and includes the summary of research results published to date in the area of effect of EOs on the most common species of the Fusarium genus.

Keywords

Essential oils Fusarium Fusariosis Pathogenic fungi Toxigenic fungi Antifungals Phenols Terpenes Mycosis Mycotoxins 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This review was supported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (project QJ1510160).

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Crop Research InstituteRuzyneCzech Republic

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