Antimicrobial Natural Products Against Campylobacter

  • Sonja Smole Možina
  • Anja Klančnik
  • Jasna Kovac
  • Barbara Jeršek
  • Franz Bucar
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 19)

Abstract

Campylobacteriosis is the world’s leading bacterial foodborne illness and the most frequently reported zoonosis in humans. The present review aims to present an overview of the alternative strategies to limit Campylobacter contamination and to prevent Campylobacter infections using natural products from various sources. Additionally, natural products may improve the sensory characteristics of foods and extend their shelf life. The most effective intervention is inhibiting Campylobacter growth and thus reducing their prevalence and levels in vitro and in vivo along the food supply chain and on food products. Further, development of innovative growth and virulence control strategies using natural products in subinhibitory concentrations that do not pose selective pressure, may be beneficial. At such low concentrations, natural products can act as resistance modulators (e.g., efflux pump inhibitors) and thus enhance anti-Campylobacter activity of antibiotics. Low doses of natural compounds that are not cytotoxic can prevent adhesion of Campylobacter to abiotic surfaces, hence preventing biofilm formation, or to biotic surfaces, hence preventing attachment to animal or human epithelial cells.

Keywords

Natural products Antimicrobial Resistance mechanism Efflux pump inhibitors Anti-adhesion Campylobacter 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support by scientific technological cooperation projects SLO-A SI 03/2011 and SI 01/2016, funded by ARRS and OEAD, is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonja Smole Možina
    • 1
  • Anja Klančnik
    • 1
  • Jasna Kovac
    • 1
    • 2
  • Barbara Jeršek
    • 1
  • Franz Bucar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Food Science and Technology, Biotechnical FacultyUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.Department of Food ScienceThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  3. 3.Department of PharmacognosyInstitute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of GrazGrazAustria

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