Systems Failure Revisited

  • Nibedita S. Ray-Bennett
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)


This chapter summarises the previous chapters and outlines some of the limitations of systems failure. In doing so, this chapter proposes an emerging tool called ‘systems alignment’. Perfect systems alignment is neither proposed nor is it possible in this real world because of people’s subjective world views, different frames of reference, unique communication structures, cultures and the like. However, a weaker version of systems alignment, or some accommodation over the issue of reducing death can also lead to positive outcomes, as observed in the case of Cyclone Phailin by designing an overall goal of ‘zero casualty at any cost’ for the disaster management system. This chapter also outlines some organisational learnings that can take place from the findings of this research as well as some impact for policy and theory change in Odisha and beyond.


Avoidable deaths Complex perspective Coordination Communication sub-systems Decision making Disaster management practices Hazard Human and organizational capacities Justice Policy Political leadership Systems alignment Theory Unavoidable deaths Worldviews 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LeicesterLeicesterUK

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