Estimating the Effect of Common Currency on Trade in West African Monetary Zones: A Dynamic Panel-GMM Analysis

  • Cagay CoskunerEmail author
  • Godwin Oluseye Olasehinde-Williams
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of common currency on economic performance of ECOWAS member nations in terms of international trade patterns. To achieve this objective, we applied the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimation technique to a dynamic panel gravity model of bilateral trade between ECOWAS countries. A dummy variable of common currency was introduced to determine if the ECOWAS member states that have already adopted a common currency (WAEMU) fare better than those that are yet to adopt a common currency (WAMZ). Results show that adoption of common currency by WAEMU states has led to better trade performance in comparison to WAMZ states. We conclude that there is a strong case for monetary integration in the ECOWAS sub-region.


Monetary integration International trade Gravity model Dynamics GMM 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cagay Coskuner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Godwin Oluseye Olasehinde-Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsEastern Mediterranean UniversityFamagustaTurkey

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