Proprioception After Shoulder Injury, Surgery, and Rehabilitation

  • Irem Duzgun
  • Egemen Turhan


The glenohumeral joint is a complex joint for which both the mobility and the stability are significant. It has a broad range of motion; moreover the stabilization has to be provided to be able to create steady motion at distal joints in this range of motion. Neuromuscular control is of great importance to maintain dynamic stabilization. The glenohumeral joint is a mechanoreceptor-rich joint. The sensitivity of these receptors decreases because of the injury and this causes a deficit in the proprioceptive sense. The loss in the proprioceptive sense increases the risk of reinjury. It is critical to provide the proper mechanic for improving this sense. The proper mechanic can be provided with surgical procedures and physiotherapy and rehabilitation practices. Exercise is particularly important in physiotherapy and rehabilitation practices. In this section the receptors in the glenohumeral joint, their locations and functions, the effect of injury on the proprioceptive sense, and restoration of the sense are examined.


Shoulder injury Joint position sense Kinesthesia 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and RehabilitationHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and TraumatologyHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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