Advertisement

Atmospheric Deposition

  • Christopher S. Cronan
Chapter
  • 1.4k Downloads
Part of the Springer Textbooks in Earth Sciences, Geography and Environment book series (STEGE)

Abstract

Biogeochemical processes in watershed ecosystems are closely coupled with dynamic and complex cycling processes and source-sink relationships involving the atmosphere. In some cases, terrestrial systems act as important emission sources contributing to atmospheric chemistry; in other cases, watersheds serve as major sinks or receptors for elements and compounds cycling through the atmosphere. This chapter focuses on the role of atmospheric deposition in ecosystem element budgets and the factors that determine the chemistry and amounts of atmospheric deposition found in different regions and watersheds. Comparative field data are presented in an effort to illustrate patterns of atmospheric deposition observed at various watershed study sites.

References

  1. Broecker WS (1974) Chemical oceanography. Harcourt, Brace. Javanovich, Inc., New York, 214 pGoogle Scholar
  2. Chamberlain, AC. 1975. The movement of particles in plant communities. pp. 155–203 in Vegetation and the Atmosphere. I Principles. Monteith, JL (ed). Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Chang JS (1991) Report 4 – the regional acidic deposition model and engineering model. In: Irving PM (ed) Acidic deposition: state of science and technology. Summary Report of the U.S. National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program, Washington, DC, pp 49–55Google Scholar
  4. Cogbill CV, Likens GE (1974) Acid precipitation in the northeastern United States. Water Resour Res 10:1133–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cronan CS (1980a) Solution chemistry of a New Hampshire subalpine ecosystem: a biogeochemical analysis. Oikos 34:272–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cronan CS, Aiken GR (1985) Chemistry and transport of soluble humic substances in forested watersheds of the Adirondack Park, NY. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 49:1697–1705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cronan CS, Reiners WA (1983) Canopy processing of acid precipitation by coniferous and hardwood forests in New England. Oecologia 59:216–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dingman SL (1994) Physical hydrology. Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 575 pGoogle Scholar
  9. Driscoll CT, Likens GE, Hedin LO, Eaton JS, Bormann FH (1989) Changes in the chemistry of surface waters. Environ Sci Technol 23:137–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Driscoll CT, Lawrence GB, Bulger AJ, Butler TJ, Cronan CS, Eager C, Lambert KF, Likens GE, Stoddard JL, Weathers KC (2001) Acidic deposition in the northeastern United States: sources and inputs, ecosystem effects, and management strategies. Bioscience 51:180–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Garrison VH, Shinn EA, Foreman WT, Griffin DW, Holmes CW, Kellogg CA, Majewski MS, Richardson LL, Ritchie KB, Smith GW (2003) African and Asian dust: from desert soils to coral reefs. Bioscience 53:469–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Granat L (1972) On the relation between pH and the chemical composition in atmospheric precipitation. Tellus 24:550–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Graustein WC, Armstrong RL (1983) The use of strontium-87/strontium-86 ratios to measure atmospheric transport into forested watersheds. Science 219:289–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Grennfelt P (1987) Deposition processes for acidifying compounds. Environ Technol Lett 8:515–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hedin LO, Granat L, Likens GE, Buishand TA, Galloway JN, Butler TJ, Rodhe H (1994) Steep declines in atmospheric base cations in regions of Europe and North America. Nature 367:351–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Johannes AH, Altwicker ER, Clesceri NL (1981) Characterization of acidic precipitation in the Adirondack region. Report EA-1826. Electric Power Research Institute, Palo AltoGoogle Scholar
  17. Johnson DW, Lindberg SE (eds) (1992) Atmospheric deposition and forest nutrient cycling – a synthesis of the integrated forest study. Ecological Studies, vol 91. Springer, New York, 707 pGoogle Scholar
  18. Likens GE, Bormann FH, Pierce RS, Eaton JS, Johnson NM (1977) Biogeochemistry of a forested ecosystem. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Likens GE, Butler TJ, Buso DC (2001) Long- and short-term changes in sulfate deposition: effects of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. Biogeochemistry 52:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lindberg SE, Lovett GM (1985) Field measurements of dry deposition rates of particles to inert and foliar surfaces in a forest. Environ Sci Technol 19:228–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lindberg SE, Lovett GM (1992) Deposition and canopy interactions of airborne sulfur: results from the Integrated Forest Study. Atmos Environ 26A:1477–1492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lindberg SE, Lovett GM, Richter DD, Johnson DW (1986) Atmospheric deposition and canopy interactions of major ions in a forest. Science 231:141–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lovett GM (1994) Atmospheric deposition of nutrients and pollutants in North America: an ecological perspective. Ecol Appl 4:629–650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lovett GM, Lindberg SE (1984) Dry deposition and canopy exchange in a mixed oak forest as determined by analysis of throughfall. J Appl Ecol 21:1013–1028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lovett GM, Lindberg SE (1986) Dry deposition of nitrate to a deciduous forest. Biogeochemistry 2:137–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lovett GM, Reiners WA, Olson RK (1982) Cloud droplet deposition in subalpine balsam fir forests: hydrological and chemical inputs. Science 218:1303–1304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lovett GM, Likens GE, Nolan SS (1992) Dry deposition of sulfur to the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest: a preliminary comparison of methods. In: Schwartz SE, Slinn WGN (eds) Precipitation scavenging and atmosphere-surface exchange, vol 3. Hemisphere, Washington, DC, pp 1391–1402Google Scholar
  28. Martinez-Cortizas A, Pontevedra-Pombal X, Garcia-Rodeja E, Novoa-Munoz JC, Shotyk W (1999) Mercury in a Spanish peat bog: archive of climate change and atmospheric metal deposition. Science 284:939–942CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Munger JW, Eisenreich SJ (1983) Continental-scale variations in precipitation chemistry. Environ Sci Technol 17:32A–42ACrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. NADP – National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NRSP-3) (1982) NADP Program Office, Illinois State Water Survey, 2204 Griffith Dr., Champaign, IL 61820Google Scholar
  31. NADP – National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NRSP-3) (1994) NADP Program Office, Illinois State Water Survey, 2204 Griffith Dr., Champaign, IL 61820Google Scholar
  32. NADP – National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NRSP-3) (2000) NADP Program Office, Illinois State Water Survey, 2204 Griffith Dr., Champaign, IL 61820Google Scholar
  33. Ollinger SV, Aber JD, Lovett GM, Millham SE, Lathrop RG, Ellis JM (1993) A spatial model of atmospheric deposition for the northeastern United States. Ecol Appl 3:459–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Richter DD, Lindberg SE (1988) Wet deposition estimates from long-term bulk and event wet-only samples of incident precipitation and throughfall. J Environ Qual 17:619–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rustad LE, Kahl JS, Norton SA, Fernandez IJ (1994) Underestimation of dry deposition by throughfall in mixed northern hardwood forests. J Hydrol 162:319–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Taylor GE, Hanson PJ (1992) Forest trees and tropospheric ozone: role of canopy deposition and leaf uptake in developing exposure-response relationships. Agric Ecosyst Environ 42:255–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Toon OB, Pollock JB (1976) A global average model of atmospheric aerosols for radiative transfer calculations. J Appl Meteorol 15:225–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Weathers KC, Likens GE (1997) Clouds in southern Chile: an important source of nitrogen to nitrogen-limited ecosystems? Environ Sci Technol 31:210–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Weathers KC, Lovett GM, Likens GE, Lathrop R (2000) The effect of landscape features on deposition to Hunter Mountain, Catskill Mountains, NY. Ecol Appl 10:528–540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yuretich RF, Crerar DA, Kinsman DJJ, Means JL, Borcsik MP (1981) Hydrogeochemistry of the New Jersey coastal plain. 1. Major element cycles in precipitation and river water. Chem Geol 33:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher S. Cronan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Biology and EcologyUniversity of MaineOronoUSA

Personalised recommendations