Epoxidized Vegetable Oils for Thermosetting Resins and Their Potential Applications

  • Carmen-Alice Teacă
  • Dan Roşu
  • Fulga Tanasă
  • Mădălina Zănoagă
  • Fănică Mustaţă
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials book series (SSPCM)

Abstract

In the recent decades, bio-based polymers have gained increasing interest, especially for composite materials. These polymers and their respective monomers are derived from renewable resources, being thermoplastics or thermosetting resins which are biodegradable or non-biodegradable. Thermosettings are strong, rigid polymer materials and cannot be easily processed by melting after their hardening. At present, thermosetting resins are obtained using highly toxic and volatile petrochemicals, which require human and environmental safety monitoring. Considering the wide range of diverse renewable monomers available, vegetable oils (VOs) are especially well-suited when it comes to the synthesis of thermosetting resins due to their carbon-carbon double bonds, highly desirable for this type of application as these unsaturated bonds can be chemically modified in order to increase reactivity toward further polymerization. Thus, epoxidation, which consists of introducing a single oxygen atom to each non-saturated bond to yield in an epoxidic cycle, is a simple, effective method to modify these VOs. The resulted thermosetting resins exhibit improved toughness and environmental-friendly behavior. VOs, especially soybean oil which is abundant and cheap, are typically mixtures of unsaturated fatty acids with numerous bonds that can be easily converted into the more reactive oxirane rings through the reaction with peracids or peroxides. The present chapter focuses on composites obtained from epoxidized vegetable oils (EVOs) and epoxy resins and their properties in correlation with their envisaged applications.

Keywords

Vegetable oils Epoxidation Thermosetting resins Applications 

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmen-Alice Teacă
    • 1
  • Dan Roşu
    • 1
  • Fulga Tanasă
    • 2
  • Mădălina Zănoagă
    • 2
  • Fănică Mustaţă
    • 3
  1. 1.Advanced Research Center for Bionanoconjugates and Biopolymers“Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular ChemistryIasiRomania
  2. 2.Polyaddition and Photochemistry Department“Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular ChemistryIasiRomania
  3. 3.Physical Chemistry of Polymers Department“Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular ChemistryIasiRomania

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