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Functional Biopolymer Composites

  • Sarat K. Swain
  • Adrushya J. Pattanayak
  • Amrita P. Sahoo
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials book series (SSPCM)

Abstract

In the current era, there is a burgeoning demand for clean, pollution-free environment and high urgency for minimizing fossil fuel. This leads to an increasing demand for manufacture of high performing cultured products from biological and renewable resources. Polymer biocomposites are the suitable alternate to fulfil such alarming urgency. These have properties of high mechanical resistance, thermogravimetric, oxygen barrier, biodegradation and chemical resistance. There is no single material which can achieve such wide range of properties for which design of composites, in particular with biopolymers, is an attempt for substantial improvement of properties. The biopolymers can be functionalized for better compatibility during preparation of composites. In this chapter, study of biopolymers and their composites is presented along with some critical issues, advantages and disadvantages. A brief discussion about preparation of bionanocomposites by in situ reaction, solution casting method and melt mixing technique is discussed. The interaction between components and characterisation of biocomposites has been presented through various spectroscopic analyses such as FTIR, XRD, SEM and TEM. The mechanical, thermal, biodegradable and antimicrobial properties of functional polymer-based biocomposites are compared. Finally biomedical, packaging and environmental applications of biocomposites are presented along with their future prospect.

Keywords

Biopolymers Biocomposites Packaging Biomedical applications 

Abbreviations

PA

Polyamide

PC

Polycarbonates

PCL

Polycaprolactone

PDS

Polydioxanone suture

PGA

Polyglycolic acid

PHB

Polyhydroxybutyrate

PLA

Polylactic acid

PMMC

Polymethyl methacrylate

PP

Polypropylene

PTFE

Polytetrafluoroethylene

PVC

Polyvinyl chloride

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors express their thanks to Department of Science and Technology (Biotechnology), Government of Odisha, India for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarat K. Swain
    • 1
  • Adrushya J. Pattanayak
    • 1
  • Amrita P. Sahoo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryVeer Surendra Sai University of TechnologyBurla, SambalpurIndia

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