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Diagnosis of Endophthalmitis: Clinical Presentation, Microbiology, and Echography

  • Harry W. FlynnJr.
  • Nidhi Relhan Batra
  • Stephen G. Schwartz
  • Andrzej Grzybowski
Chapter
Part of the In Clinical Practice book series (ICP)

Abstract

The diagnosis of endophthalmitis can be made based on clinical examination findings. The patient may present with gradual or sudden onset of symptoms including lid swelling, pain, redness, discharge, and decrease in the vision. Slit-lamp examination may show lid swelling, conjunctival congestion, chemosis, glaucoma implant exposure, corneal edema, epithelial defect, corneal infiltrate, hypopyon, infiltrates/fibrin membrane in the anterior chamber, plaque inside the capsular bag, loss of fundus red reflex, or infiltrates in the vitreous cavity (Figs. 3.1, 3.2, and 3.3).

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry W. FlynnJr.
    • 1
  • Nidhi Relhan Batra
    • 1
  • Stephen G. Schwartz
    • 2
  • Andrzej Grzybowski
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyBascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyBascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of MedicineNaplesUSA
  3. 3.Chair of OphthalmologyUniversity of Warmia and MazuryOlsztynPoland
  4. 4.Institute for Research in OphthalmologyPoznanPoland

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