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Endophthalmitis: Classification and Most Frequently Reported Organisms

  • Harry W. FlynnJr.
  • Nidhi Relhan Batra
  • Stephen G. Schwartz
  • Andrzej Grzybowski
Chapter
Part of the In Clinical Practice book series (ICP)

Abstract

  1. 1.
    Postoperative endophthalmitis
    1. (a)

      Following cataract surgery: Acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis

      Coagulase (−) Staphylococci, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus, gram-negative bacteria

       
    2. (b)

      Following cataract surgery: Delayed-onset postoperative endophthalmitis

      P. acnes, coagulase (−) Staphylococci, fungi

       
    3. (c)

      Following glaucoma surgery: Conjunctival filtering bleb-associated infection and endophthalmitis

      Streptococcus species, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus species

       
    4. (d)

      Following glaucoma surgery: Endophthalmitis associated with glaucoma drainage devices

       
    5. (e)

      Following elective corneal transplant

       
     
  2. 2.

    Posttraumatic endophthalmitis

    Bacillus species (30–40%), Staphylococcus species

     
  3. 3.

    Endogenous endophthalmitis

    Candida species, Staphylococcus aureus, gram-negative bacteria

     
  4. 4.

    Endophthalmitis associated with keratitis

    Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus species

     
  5. 5.

    Endophthalmitis associated with intravitreal injection

    Staphylococcus/Streptococcus species (Figs. 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, 1.11, 1.12, 1.13, 1.14, 1.15, 1.16, 1.17, 1.18, 1.19, 1.20, 1.21, 1.22, 1.23, 1.24, 1.25)

     

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry W. FlynnJr.
    • 1
  • Nidhi Relhan Batra
    • 1
  • Stephen G. Schwartz
    • 2
  • Andrzej Grzybowski
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyBascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyBascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of MedicineNaplesUSA
  3. 3.Chair of OphthalmologyUniversity of Warmia and MazuryOlsztynPoland
  4. 4.Institute for Research in OphthalmologyPoznanPoland

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