Cosmology: The Ontological Ground of the Categories
This is the most complex and philosophically rich chapter of the book, as it shows the radical genetic character of Peirce’s Philosophy. It is a rare available exposition of Peirce’s cosmogenesis which makes a synthesis of all doctrines already exposed in the previous chapters. Peirce’s Cosmology might be considered a brilliant metaphysical guessing on the origin of the universe, with a starting point before its material reality, considering the formation of the three categories coherently with Objective Idealism, a doctrine that claims that matter is a sort of very old mind governed by inveterate habits. Dealing with an abductive Logic, that is, a Logic of possibilities, Peirce conjectures about an absolute potential Nothing from where this universe is one possible consequence among many other possible ones, as well. This is a fascinating aspect of Peircean Philosophy from which many other heuristic consequences may be derived. One of them is a justifiable explanation about why Reality, as defined by Peirce, plays an essential rule in the development of mind.