The Origins of Informal Juvenile Court Practices and of the Juvenile Reformatory in England, 1815–1855
This chapter 3 focuses on the first half of the nineteenth century and explores two related developments: the development of various informal court procedures in relation to juveniles and the growth of a range of juvenile correctional institutions in England. The inspiration behind such practices was not so much the child welfare model, but rather the concern for avoiding committing children who were awaiting jury trial to prison, where they would be led into further immorality by older inmates. Parliamentary endorsement of such practice was to come later in the century. At the same time, new ‘reformatory’ options were developed in relation to the sentencing and punishment of juvenile offenders. As a result, the treatment of juveniles was often very different to that of the adults.