Juvenile Delinquency in Wartime and Peacetime: The Activity of the Belgian Juvenile Courts, 1912–1950
This chapter examines a situation under the aegis of Belgium’s child welfare-oriented Child Protection Act of 1912. The chapter is devoted to the implementation of the act, with a comparison between the periods of the two World Wars and those of peace, between 1912 and 1950. Comparing the statistics and judgments with the juvenile case files—in times of war and in times of peace—shows the extent to which the correspondence between the acts alleged in judgments and the reasons set down in the case files is not very obvious. One can thereby see the ambiguity of a welfare-oriented protective law whose implementation includes elements that appear to have been borrowed from the penal system.