Peace and Security in Africa: United Nations Challenges

Chapter
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 71)

Abstract

Conflicts in Africa pose a major challenge to United Nations efforts to ensure global peace, security, socioeconomic growth and human rights for all. Although the United Nations was intended to deal with inter-state conflict, it has also been required to respond to intra-state instability and conflict, which have increasingly resulted in the killing not only of soldiers but also of civilians and even entire ethnic groups. Preventing such wars is no longer a matter of defending states or protecting allies, but of defending humanity itself. Most scholars of United Nations studies are controversial on its peace and security mechanisms and the resolution of conflicts between states. They maintain that the effectiveness of the United Nations as a guarantor of world peace has greatly reduced. This study sets out to examine the validity of this claim and to demonstrate that despite its many challenges in the African continent, the United Nations is a facilitator of innovative ideas and the promoter of the peaceful relations that reign in many states in Africa. The study adopts descriptive and analytical approaches to treat the United Nations’ role in current international problems and speculative policy alternatives for the African continent. A wide range of primary and secondary sources were exploited. Also, a prescriptive method was used to recommend some measures for the United Nations to strengthen its performance. The study demonstrates that given political will and appropriate United Nations support, African countries could work together to settle conflicts not only peacefully, but also very effectively for themselves and for the international community.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BueaBueaCameroon

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