Non-state Actors as the Strategic Realm in Africa’s Development
Non-state actors have been variously recognized as important engines of growth and development across the world. This is because they have objective and critical existence that make it possible for them to engage/disengage with the state to objectively immobilize and/or drive the development of nations and continents. Thus, this chapter examines issues bothering on non-state actors and their effects on development of Africa. Here are two types of non-state actor—armed and unarmed—and both are examined in this chapter relative to their contributions to development on the continent. Their contributions are examined across African nations in terms of positive contributions and negative ones. Issues of their abuses that have negated their contributions are also investigated. Indicative questions of this chapter are: What is/who are non-state actors? What are their typologies and what development philosophies guide their existence and operations? What is their political economy? To what extent have they/have they not contributed to development of countries in Africa? What are their challenges? What are their successes? Have there been abuses? Are they very important to Africa’s development? How can they better drive development in Africa? And so on.
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