Family and Community Intervention in Suicide Prevention and Management
Suicide is a challenge for every community since it is a social problem and not just a mental health issue. Thus, successful suicide prevention and intervention programs must involve the family and community, specifically when concerned with youth of various races, ethnicities, sexual orientation, and non-binary genders. These programs need to be attuned to the community’s financial and social needs, expressions of distress, unique risk factors for suicide, and preference of language. Such knowledge about the community allows programs to anticipate barriers in prevention and intervention models and to develop plans to overcome those barriers. This chapter reviews suicide prevention programs that used education to pediatricians, families, and communities to destigmatize mental health disorders while encouraging the use of appropriate resources and community protective factors. Additionally, the authors discuss interventions that target cultural and social factors of acute instances of suicide. Interventions like cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, attachment-based family therapy, and strategic structural-systems engagement were noted to be particularly effective for high-risk individuals. To further increase the effectiveness of these interventions, programs need political and financial support to allow adequate capacity in order to engage as many individuals as possible. More research focused on suicide prevention and interventions specific to minority youths is necessary for highlighting areas that are yet to be addressed.
KeywordsPrevention Intervention Community-based treatment Family treatment Minority youth
The authors would like to thank Grace Yoon for being dedicated to underserved youth who experience healthcare disparities. She contributed her valuable time and energy by researching different topics for the chapters and helping us materialize drafts into final version. This project would not have been successful without her support.
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