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Cultural Aspects of Suicidality Among Youth

  • Neha SharmaEmail author
  • Andres J. Pumariega
Chapter

Abstract

Suicide in any culture or society is associated with distress and loss and particularly so with youth suicide given the unfulfilled life and future being lost. However, suicide differs widely across cultures in how frequently it occurs, how openly it is dealt with, which explanatory spiritual and religious beliefs are associated, and the interpersonal and individual context within which it occurs. This chapter provides an introduction to suicidality and suicide within a cultural context, a review of basic terminology to use in this discussion, and a cross section of religious and cultural beliefs across populations. The rising patterns of racial ethnic disparities around suicidality within the United States are introduced with some initial consideration of associated risk factors.

Keywords

Suicide Suicidality Race Ethnicity Culture Religion Spirituality Disparities 

Abbreviations

AA

African-American

AAPI

Asian-American/Pacific Islanders

AIAN

American Indian/Alaskan Native

DSM-IV

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV

MDD

Major depressive disorder

MH

Mental health

NCS-A

National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement

NHW

Non-Hispanic White

NSDUH

National Survey on Drug Use and Health

ODD

Oppositional defiant disorder

PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder

SI

Suicidal ideation

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Grace Yoon for being dedicated to underserved youth who experience healthcare disparities. She contributed her valuable time and energy by researching different topics for the chapters and helping us materialize drafts into final version. This project would not have been successful without her support.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryTufts University School of Medicine and Tufts Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryCooper Medical School of Rowan University and Cooper Health SystemCamdenUSA

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