Bypass to the Infrapopliteal Arteries for Chronic Critical Limb Ischemia
An 85-year-old male with a history of diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, coronary artery bypass, and active tobacco use presented with a gangrenous right first toe. The patient stated that he had no history of trauma to the area, and complained of rest pain in the foot. The patient had been in otherwise good health since his coronary artery bypass 12 years ago. On physical examination, the patient was in no physical distress. The patient had a well-healed median sternotomy scar. Auscultation of the heart revealed a regular rate without any murmurs. He was obese. Abdominal examination revealed no palpable masses. The patient had bilateral femoral and popliteal pulses but no pedal pulses. The patient had bilateral, well-healed scars from the greater saphenous vein harvest sites. The right gangrenous toe was dry without any evidence of infection.
If the patient...
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