Influence of Nanoclay/Phenol Formaldehyde Resin on Wood Polymer Nanocomposites
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In this study, the introduction of nanofiller into phenol formaldehyde matrix formed wood polymer nanocomposites (WPNCs). FT-IR results showed that the addition of nanoclay into phenol formaldehyde (PF) formed H-bonding interaction with hydroxyl groups by reducing the wave number of the peak. The Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) results showed that WPNCs were thermally stable compared to the raw ones. The MOE and MOR of WPNCs were significantly improved for Eugenia spp., Xylopia spp., Artocarpus Rigidus, and Artocarpus Elasticus respectively. The Young’s modulus of WPNCs on Eugenia spp. was significantly higher compared to raw wood. From X-ray diffraction results, WPNCs showed improved crystallinity at the amorphous region due to the polymer loading. SEM micrograph of WPNCs showed that void space was filled with the polymer, and the waxy substance was removed. All the nanofiller/phenol formaldehyde was significantly effective on Eugenia spp. followed by Xylopia spp., Artocarpus Rigidus, and Artocarpus Elasticus wood species, respectively.
KeywordsMechanical properties Thermal stability Chemical treatment WPNCs
The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia, for their financial support [Grant no. ERGS/02 (08)/860/2912(12)] during the research.
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