Combined Styrene/MMA/Nanoclay Crosslinker Effect on Wood Polymer Nanocomposites (WPNCs)

  • M. R. RahmanEmail author
  • J. C. H. Lai
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)


In the current study, to develop the compression strength, thermal stability, and surface morphology of batai wood (Paraserianthes moluccana) which was impregnated by blended of styrene, methyl methacrylate, and nanoclay. Wood polymer nanocomposites (WPNCs) were produced by the co-polymerization reaction which was occurred with cellulose in the wood cell wall by Styrene (ST) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) crosslinker and it was confirmed by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) was employed to investigate the thermal stability. The mechanical properties of the WPNCs were expressively improved compared to the raw wood whereas WPNCs demonstrated higher thermal permanence comparative to the raw wood due to the co-polymerization reaction. The surface morphologies of the fracture surface for both the raw wood and WPNCs were recorded using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). WPNCs display smoother surface and adhesion compared to that of raw wood due to the co-polymerization reaction that was seen in the SEM micrographs.


Crosslinker Batai wood Mechanical properties Thermal properties 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia, for their financial support [Grant no. ERGS/02 (08)/860/2912(12)] during the research.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia SarawakKota SamarahanMalaysia

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