Sustainable Application of Various Monomer/Clay Dispersed Wood Polymer Nanocomposites

  • M. R. RahmanEmail author
  • S. Hamdan
  • J. C. H. Lai
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)


The goal of this study was to evaluate the decay resistance of different ratio of ST/MMA/clay monomer system impregnated batai wood polymer nanocomposites (WPNCs) against Trametes versicolor (white-rot) and Chaetomium globosum (soft rot) fungi. Besides, Kumpang wood was impregnated by styrene, 3-(trimethoxysilyl) propyl methacrylate (MSPMA), ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), maleic acid (MA), glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), and nanoclay. Overall, both fungi very lightly attacked to the 50:50:5 ST/MMA/clay monomers impregnated WPNCs. 50:50:5 ST/MMA/clay monomer impregnated WPNCs greatly enhance the decay resistance against the both fungi. For Kumpang wood, the raw wood was well impregnated and improved the decay resistance toward Trametes versicolor and Coniphora puteana. Therefore, it is recommended that 50:50:5 ST/MMA/clay monomers impregnated WPNCs as well as ST-co-MSPA-WPC, ST-clay-WPNC, ST-co-MA-WPC, and ST-co-GMA-WPCs are technically suitable for exterior use where both moisture and favorable conditions for fungi development are present. Besides, WPCs at pH8 and pH9 showed higher decay resistance toward Coniphora puteana and Trametes versicolor, respectively.


Styrene Clay Trametes versicolor Chaetomium globosum Coniphora puteana 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia with Grant no. (ERGS/02(08)/860/2912(12)) during the research.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia SarawakKota SamarahanMalaysia

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