Studies on the Physical, Mechanical, Thermal and Morphological Properties of Impregnated Furfuryl Alcohol-co-Glycidyl Methacrylate/Nanoclay Wood Polymer Nanocomposites

  • M. R. RahmanEmail author
  • J. C. H. Lai
  • S. Hamdan
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)


In this study, physical, morphological, mechanical, and thermal properties of furfuryl alcohol/glycidyl methacrylate/halloysite nanoclay wood polymer nanocomposites (FA-co-GMA-HNC WPNCs) were investigated. FA-co-GMA-HNC WPNCs were prepared via impregnation method, and the effect of different ratio between the polymers was subsequently investigated. The properties of nanocomposites were characterized using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), three-point flexural test, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis, and moisture absorption test. The weight percent gain for 50:50 FA-co-GMA-HNC WPNCs was the highest compared to raw wood (RW) and other WPNCs. FT-IR results confirmed the polymerization took place in the nanocomposites especially 50:50 FA-co-GMA-HNC WPNCs with reducing hydroxyl groups. SEM result revealed that the 50:50 FA-co-GMA-HNC WPNCs showed the best surface morphology among all the compositions. Besides, 50:50 FA-co-GMA-HNC WPNCs showed the highest flexural strength and modulus of elasticity. The DMA results revealed that the storage modulus and loss modulus of FA-co-GMA-HNC WPNCs were higher while the tan δ of FA-co-GMA-HNC WPNCs was lower compared to RW. FA-co-GMA-HNC WPNCs exhibited the higher thermal stability through TGA and DSC analysis. 50:50 FA-co-GMA-HNC WPNCs exhibited significantly lower moisture absorption compared to RW. From the analysis, 50:50 FA-co-GMA showed the best compatibility with RW among all the compositions.


Morphology Strength Thermal Clay 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from Research and Innovation Management Centre, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak under fund with Grant No. (F02/SpGS/1443/2016/25).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia SarawakKota SamarahanMalaysia

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