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Preparation and Characterizations of Clay-Dispersed Styrene-co-Ethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate-Impregnated Wood Polymer Nanocomposites

  • M. R. RahmanEmail author
  • S. Hamdan
  • J. C. H. Lai
Chapter
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)

Abstract

In this study, physico-mechanical, thermal, and morphological properties of wood polymer nanocomposites (WPNCs) of styrene-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate with clay (ST-co-EGDMA-clay) and styrene with clay (ST-clay) wood polymer composite (WPC) of styrene-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (ST-co-EGDMA) and styrene (ST) were investigated. The WPNC was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), 3-point bending and free-free vibration testing, and thermogravimatric analysis (TGA). The FT-IR results showed that the absorbance at 1730 cm−1 increased for ST-co-EGDMA-clay-WPNC and ST-co-EGDMA-WPC compared to other composites and the raw wood. The XRD result revealed that the d-spacing of ST-clay-WPNC, ST-co-EGDMA-WPC, ST-WPC, and ST-co-EGDMA-clay-WPNC was higher than the raw wood. The SEM results showed that ST-co-EGDMA-clay-WPNC and ST-clay-WPNC had a smoother surface compared to the other composites and raw wood. The modulus of elasticity (MOE), modulus of rupture (MOR), and dynamic Young’s moduli (E d) of ST-co-EGDMA-clay-WPNC were higher than those of ST-co-EGDMA-WPC, ST-clay-WPNC, ST-WPCs, and raw wood, respectively. The raw wood exhibited a higher water uptake (WU) compared to WPNCs and WPCs. ST-co-EGDMA-WPC was more thermally stable, compared to other composites and raw wood.

Keywords

ST-co-EGDMA Nanoclay Mechanical properties Morphological properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from Research and Innovation Management Centre, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, under fund with Grant No (FRGS/SG02(01)/1085/2013(31)) during the research.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia SarawakKota SamarahanMalaysia

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