Introduction to Reinforcing Potential of Various Clay and Monomers Dispersed Wood Nanocomposites’

  • M. R. RahmanEmail author
  • J. C. H. Lai
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)


In this chapter, various clay and monomer were introduce to produce high strength wood polymer nanocomposites and discussed how they play important role on nonocomposites to enhance their properties. Low-quality wood can be modified through suitable chemical treatments to improve the physical, mechanical, and thermal properties to meet specific end-use requirements. The in situ polymerization is one of the most popular technique to modified and produce wood polymer nanocomposites. Some common chemical treatments have proven to be effective in improving wood hardness, dimensional stability, stiffness, fire resistance, UV resistance, biological resistance, and aesthetic appeal. Due the further improvement, dual monomer mixture along with reinforcing filler was significant improve the physical, mechanical, thermal, hardness, dimensional stability, stiffness, fire resistance, UV resistance, and biological resistance. The various monomers were used, namely styrene, methyl methacrylate, phenol formaldehyde, phenolic resins, urea formaldehyde, and melamine formaldehyde. However, monomer impregnation and chemical modification were also investigated using new chemical formulations in the present study.


Mechanical properties Stability Chemical treatment Wood polymer nanocomposites 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia SarawakKota SamarahanMalaysia

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