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Maternal Experience of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Hospitalization: Trauma Exposure and Psychosocial Responses

  • Pamela A. GellerEmail author
  • Alexa Bonacquisti
  • Chavis A. Patterson
Chapter
Part of the Integrating Psychiatry and Primary Care book series (IPPC)

Abstract

For mothers in the postpartum period, admission of their newborn to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is often an unanticipated experience that can be shocking and traumatic, and can elevate maternal risk for psychiatric symptoms, including posttraumatic stress. In this chapter, the NICU experience, psychosocial implications, mental health consequences, and screening tools that have been used to identify maternal psychiatric symptoms in this setting will be reviewed. Psychosocial interventions and programs addressing the stress and psychological reactions of mothers with an infant in a NICU will be introduced, as will recently developed interdisciplinary recommendations for the support of NICU families and a nurse training program to promote optimal communication between NICU nurses and parents. The chapter concludes with future clinical and research directions to continue improving maternal adjustment and mental health during a child’s NICU hospitalization.

Keywords

NICU Hospitalization Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) NICU Experience NICU Nurses Nurse Training Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela A. Geller
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alexa Bonacquisti
    • 1
  • Chavis A. Patterson
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyDrexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Division of NeonatologyThe Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryPerelman School of Medicine at the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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