Chapter 4 Strain and Stress

  • Handley Stevens


This chapter records increasing friction under Bermuda 2 in its second decade as both governments try to draw back from the detailed oversight of their aviation industries. The Heathrow User Charges Dispute, arising from the charging policies pursued by the newly privatised BAA (formerly British Airports Authority), is resolved through a rare use of the formal arbitration procedure. Despite this high-profile disagreement, further waves of negotiation continue to open up additional opportunities, particularly for access to UK regional airports, but the demise of Pan Am and the weakening of TWA as a consequence of US deregulation policies provokes a major row, in the Heathrow Succession negotiations, when the UK demands and wins massive concessions as the price for changing the agreement to allow American and United to take their place.


Heathrow British Airports Authority World Airways ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Joint Venturesjoint Ventures 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Handley Stevens
    • 1
  1. 1.LondonUK

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