The New Socio-Cultural Entrepreneurs

At the Crossroads Between Social Enterprises and Arts Entrepreneurship
  • Gesa Birnkraut
Part of the FGF Studies in Small Business and Entrepreneurship book series (FGFS)


This book chapter presents the research results of a qualitative study performed through conducting interviews with entrepreneurs concerning their definition of their activities as social entrepreneurship or cultural entrepreneurship. The study permits the development of a theory concerning the intersection of the work of social and cultural entrepreneurs. According to the theory, we can define a new mix of socio-cultural entrepreneurs. Important questions to be discussed in the article include the importance of and entrepreneur’s identity and the dependence of these entrepreneurs on their work influencing other fields in the industry. The role of education and support systems required for these new entrepreneurs will be discovered and discussed.


Social entrepreneurship Arts entrepreneurship Cultural entrepreneurship Socio-cultural work 



I am thankful for the willingness of the people I interviewed—thanks for your invaluable time and input.


Journals and Articles

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Books and Chapters

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Online Document

  1. Bayern kreativ. (2017). Researched on April 19th, 2017
  2. BMW Stiftung. (2017). Researched on April 19th, 2017
  3. Challenge, C. M. (n.d.). Changemaker challenge | Educational Outreach and Student Services. Retrieved November 17, 2015, from
  4. Güntzel. (2017). Researched on February 14th, 2017
  5. Initiative Bundesregierung. (2017). Researched on April 19th, 2017
  6. Kreativgesellschaft Hamburg. (2017). Researched on April 19th 2017
  7. Kreativwirtschaft Hessen. (2017). Researched on April 19th, 2017
  8. Kulturpalast. (2017). Researched on February 14th, 2017
  9. Millerntorgallery. (2017). Researched on February 14th, 2017
  10. Soziokultur. (2017). Researched on February 14th, 2017
  11. Vodafone social entrepreneurship Akademie. (2017). Researched on April 19th, 2017

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hochschule OsnabrückOsnabrückGermany

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