When Culture Meets Economy

The Role of Art, Culture and the Creative Industries in Regional Innovation Systems
Part of the FGF Studies in Small Business and Entrepreneurship book series (FGFS)


Art and culture stand for themselves, but are also key factors for corporate and entrepreneurial, as well as for social and economic, development. Regional and tourism research recognize art, culture and the creative industries as potential resources for the competitiveness of regions and destinations and as valuable factors in attracting businesses, residents and guests. Considering regional innovativeness generated within regional innovation systems, art and culture are essential components stimulating the innovative potential of individuals, entrepreneurs and organizations. However, the location or region must provide conditions and location factors that attract creative industries. Additionally, regional innovation systems require the establishment of platforms and networks in which art, culture, creative industries, and companies from other branches can mutually enrich and reinforce each other.

In order to create a platform and to approach and analyze different questions and aspects related to the interconnections of economy and culture, Eurac Research, in cooperation with the Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, initiated the conference format “Culture meets Economy.” Out of this conference format, a case study analysis arose, focusing on the regional innovation system in South Tyrol and the role of art, culture and the creative industries within this innovation system. The following paper presents selected results of the conferences and of the study carried out in this context.


Culture Economy Regional innovation system Creative industries 


  1. ASTAT. (2016a). Annuario Statistico. Autonomous Province of Bolzano.Google Scholar
  2. ASTAT. (2016b). Ricerca & Sviluppo. Autonomous Province of Bolzano.Google Scholar
  3. Bachinger, M. (2012). Stakeholder value in Regionalentwicklungsprozessen: Eine relationale Perspektive. Wiesbaden: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Benz, A. (2007). Handbuch Governance. Theoretische Grundlagen und empirische Anwendungsfelder. Wiesbaden: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Bertram, U. (2012). (Hrsg.). Kunst fördert Wirtschaft: Zur Innovationskraft des künstlerischen Denkens. Bielefeld: Transcript.Google Scholar
  6. Carlsson, B. B., Jacobsson, S., Holmén, M., & Rickne, A. (2002). Innovation systems: Analytical and methodological issues. Research Policy, 31(2), 233–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cooke, P., Gomez Uranga, M., & Etxebarria, G. (1997). Regional innovation systems: Institutional and organisational dimensions. Research Policy, 26(4), 475–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. DCMS. (1998). Creative industries—Mapping document. London: Department for Culture, Media and Sport.Google Scholar
  9. Doloreux, D. (2002). What we should know about regional systems of innovation. Technology in Society, 24, 243–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Doloreux, D., & Saeed, P. (2005). Regional innovation systems: Current discourse and unresolved Issues. Technology in Society, 27(2), 133–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Etzkowitz, H., & Leydesdorff, L. (2000). The dynamics of innovation: From national systems and “Mode 2” to a triple helix of university–industry–government relations. Research Policy, 29, 109–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. European Commission. (2017). Regional competitiveness index. Brussels: European Commission.Google Scholar
  13. Florida, R. L. (2002). The rise of the creative class: And how it’s transforming work, leisure, community and everyday life. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  14. Florida, R. (2004). Cities and the creative class. UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Florida, R. L. (2005). Cities and the creative class. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Florida, R. L., Gates, G., Knudsen, B., & Stolarick, K. (2006). The university and the creative economy, Fairfax et al.: George Mason University, Carnegie Mellon, & UCLA. Accessed January 13, 2017, from
  17. Georgieff, P., Kimpeler, S., Müller, K., & Rammer, C. (2008). Beitrag der Creative Industries zum Innovationssystem am Beispiel Österreichs. Endbericht zur Studie im Auftrag der Wirtschaftskammer Österreich. Karlsruhe & Mannheim: arge creativ wirtschaft Austria.Google Scholar
  18. Gust-Bardon, N. I. (2012). The role of geographical proximity in innovation: Do regional and local levels really matter? Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Working Papers Firm and Region, R4, Karlsruhe.Google Scholar
  19. Hill, T. P. (1999). Tangibles, intangibles and service: A taxonomy for the classification of output. Canadian Journal of Economics, 32(2), 426–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. IDM Südtirol – Alto Adige. (2017). Accessed January 13, 2017, from
  21. Innerhofer, E., Pechlaner, H., & Glüher, G. (Eds.). (2016). Orte und Räume. Perspektiven für Kunst und Kultur. Bozen: Athesia.Google Scholar
  22. Isaksen, A. (2001). Building regional innovation systems: Is endogenous industrial development possible in the global economy? Canadian Journal of Regional Science, 24, 101–124.Google Scholar
  23. Kimpeler, S., & Georgieff, P. (2009). The roles of creative industries in regional innovation and knowledge transfer—The case of Austria. Conference Paper. Conference “Can Creativity be Measured, Brussels, 28 and 29 May 2009.Google Scholar
  24. Kofler, I., Marcher, A., & Anesi, F. (2017). Regionale Innovationssysteme II: Perspektiven der Kooperation in ausgewählten Unternehmensnetzwerken Südtirols. In H. Pechlaner & T. Streifeneder (Eds.), Regionen, Standorte und Destinationen entwickeln. Perspektiven der Beziehung von Raum und Mensch (pp. 320–347). Bozen: Athesia-Tappeiner Verlag.Google Scholar
  25. Koschatzky, K. (2001). Räumliche Aspekte im Innovationsprozeß: ein Beitrag zur neuen Wirtschaftsgeographie aus Sicht der regionalen Innovationsforschung. Münster: LIT Verlag.Google Scholar
  26. Koschatzky, K., Schnabl, E., Zenker, A., Stahlecker, Th., & Kroll, H. (2014). The Role of associations in regional innovation system. Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Working Papers Firm and Region, R4, Karlsruhe.Google Scholar
  27. Lange, S., Pechlaner, H., & Abfalter, D. (2009). The impact of culture on territorial profiles—An examination of the contribution of cultural image and cultural networks on the regional profiles of North and South Tyrol. In H. Pechlaner, D. Abfalter, & S. Lange (Eds.), Culture and creativity as location factors—Looking beyond metropolitan areas (pp. 155–173). Innsbruck: Innsbruck University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Müller, K., Rammer, Ch., & Trüby, J. (2009). The role of creative industries in industrial innovation (Discussion Paper Nr. 08.109). Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH.Google Scholar
  29. NOI Techpark Südtirol/Alto Adige. (2017). Accessed January 14, 2017, from
  30. Pechlaner, H., Abfalter, D., & Lange, S. (Eds.). (2009). Culture and creativity as location factors—looking beyond Metropolitan Areas. Innsbruck: Innsbruck University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Pechlaner, H., Herntrei, M., Pichler, S., & Volgger, M. (2012). From destination management towards destination governance of regional innovation systems—The case of South Tyrol, Italy. Tourism Review, 67(2), 22–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pechlaner, H., & Innerhofer, E. (2016). Kreativ-Hotspot Bozen Süd – eine Vision? Die Rolle von Kunst und Kultur in der Entwicklung urbaner Räume. Bozen: EURAC und Freie Universität Bozen.Google Scholar
  33. Pechlaner, H., & Lange, S. (2009). Von Kultur am Standort zum Standortfaktor Kultur: Wo steht Südtirol. In H. Pechlaner, G. Glüher, & S. Lange (Eds.), Kultur und Kreativität als Standortfaktoren (pp. 83–98). Bozen: Athesia.Google Scholar
  34. Pixner, A. (1983). Industrie in Südtirol. Innsbruck: Standorte und Entwicklung seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg.Google Scholar
  35. Schleich, P. (2005). Creative Industries und regionale Innovationssysteme. TeReg Working Paper, 22, Graz.Google Scholar
  36. Simma, B. (2009). Die Fallstudie Linz: Von der “Stahlstadt”. Zur Innovations- und Kulturstadt. In H. Pechlaner, E. Teglas, & K. Widmann (Eds.), Potentiale von Kulturevents für den Tourismus (pp. 77–85). Bozen: Athesia.Google Scholar
  37. Sleuwaegen, L., & Boiardi, P. (2014). Creativity and regional innovation: Evidence from EU regions. Research Policy, 43, 1508–1522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Storper, M. (1997). The regional world. New York: Guildford.Google Scholar
  39. Vaz, T., & Nijkamp, P. (2009). Knowledge and innovation: The strings between global and local dimensions of sustainable growth. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 21(4), 441–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Zelger, J. (1994). Qualitative Auswertung sprachlicher Äußerungen. Wissensvernetzung, Wissensverarbeitung und Wissensumsetzung durch GABEK. In R. Wille & M. Zwickwolff (Eds.), Begriffliche Wissensverarbeitung: Grundfragen und Aufgaben (pp. 239–266). Mannheim: B.I.-Wissenschaftsverlag.Google Scholar
  41. Zelger, J., Fink, S., & Strickner, J. (2008). Darstellung von Erfahrungswissen durch GABEK®. In J. Zelger, M. Raich, & P. Schober (Eds.), GABEK III. Organisationen und ihre Wissensnetze. Organisations and their knowledge nets (pp. 143–159). Innsbruck, Wien, & München: Studienverlag.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Catholic University of Eichstätt-IngolstadtEichstättGermany
  2. 2.Center for Advanced Studies, Eurac ResearchBolzano-BozenItaly

Personalised recommendations