Asianism During World War One: Macro-Nationalism or Micro-Worldism?
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This chapter analyses the unfolding of Asianism discourse during World War One as a heated political debate involving a variety of Japanese and Chinese thinkers in search for a new formula for the post-war political order that would see the established Western powers decentred. World War One triggered the immediate and extensive spread of the concept in China and Japan and to many the war served as the assumed proof of a decline of the West. Although the War facilitated such debate to an unparalleled degree of plurality and diversity, resulting political activities remained scarce. Asianism, during the First World War, above all remained a theoretical enterprise; the concept represented a claim and a stream of thought but not yet a movement.