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Demand-Side Flexibility and Supply-Side Management: The Use Case of Data Centers and Energy Utilities

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Part of the Service Science: Research and Innovations in the Service Economy book series (SSRI)

Abstract

Lately power grids have been subject to one of their major evolutions since their design and conception. The traditional structure of electricity being generated by a small number of huge and centralized power plants is being defied by the increasing penetration of renewable energy sources. The major drawback of such sources is their intermittent behavior rendering power generation planning even more cumbersome. This problem can be alleviated through the implementation of intelligent energy management systems (EMS) whose main objective is to exploit demand-side flexibilities for the purpose of better supply-side management and planning. Data centers, on one hand due to their significant power (in the order of up to 200 MW) as well as energy demand, and on the other hand thanks to their highly automated ICT infrastructure providing flexibilities without human interventions, have been shown to be excellent candidates for participation to such EMS. To this end, in this chapter we study such energy management systems by considering the use case of data centers both from local as well as coordinated management perspectives. For each considered perspective we describe thoroughly the concept as well as give its corresponding architectural building blocks. Furthermore, we specify the mechanisms and strategies that can be used for the case of data centers in exploiting demand-side flexibilities.

Keywords

Demand response Energy management Smart grid 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and MathematicsUniversity of PassauPassauGermany

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