Using Behavioral Activation and Cognitive Interventions to Treat Depression Among Latinos
Behavioral activation is a promising, efficacious intervention for Latinos experiencing depression symptoms. An idiographic intervention, behavioral activation incorporates behavioral principles such as positive reinforcement, shaping, and over-learning with the goal of altering environmental factors that may be maintaining depression symptoms. Treatment goals focusing on improving quality of life are identified, and pleasurable activities tailored to the consumer are scheduled to increase these types of activities in consumer’s daily life. The behavioral activities selected and scheduled are personally relevant and always small, achievable steps so as to improve the consumer’s sense of mastery and provide the consumer immediate positive reinforcement. In this chapter, behavioral activation is broken down into several phases over the course of treatment to describe how the intervention is implemented. The phases include the following: initial session/assessment, treatment, termination, and optional intervention of cognitive restructuring to attempt to change thoughts and moods that are maintaining depression symptoms. A treatment timeline summarizing the various elements within each session of behavioral activation is provided.
KeywordsBehavioral activation Depression Latinos Hispanics
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