Advertisement

Bringing the State Back In: Institutional Change and the Administrative Context

  • Erica Consterdine
Chapter

Abstract

The purpose of this final empirical chapter is to examine the administrative context and the policymaking process itself as an explanation for policy change. The new institutionalist approach claims it is apolitical institutions that form immigration policy according to the interests of the state. Through processes of normalisation and socialisation, certain ideas, objectives and policy framings become embedded in these institutions. The chapter adopts an instituionalist lens by examining departmental cultures, policy framings and institutional changes to policymaking practices and assesses whether such institutional changes can explain the policy shift. The chapter takes a disaggregated view of the state and particularly focuses on how the ideas of the modernised Labour Party were filtered through departmental agendas and changes to policymaking practices.

References

  1. Balch, A. (2010). Managing Labour Migration in Europe: Ideas, Knowledge and Policy Change. Manchester: Manchester University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bauer, T., & Zimmerman, K. (1999). Assessment of Possible Migration Pressure and Its Labour Market Impact Following EU Enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe (IZA Research Report No. 3). London: Department for Education and Employment.Google Scholar
  3. BBC. (2003, 13 November). Blunkett: No Limit on Migration. BBC. Available from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/3265219.stm. Accessed 16 Jan 2010.
  4. Béland, D. (2005). Ideas and Social Policy: An Institutionalist Perspective. Social Policy and Administrative, 39(1), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Berman, S. (1998). The Social Democratic Moment: Ideas and Politics in the Making of Interwar Europe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Blair, T. (1997, December 8). Bringing Britain Together. Speech. London. Available from: http://www.britishpoliticalspeech.org/speech-archive.htm?speech=320. Accessed 11 July 2011.
  7. Blair, T. (2004, April 27). Speech to Confederation of British Industry on Migration. London. Available from: http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2004/apr/27/immigrationpolicy.speeches. Accessed 21 Mar 2010.
  8. Blair, T. (2010). Tony Blair: A Journey. London: Hutchinson.Google Scholar
  9. Blunkett, D. (2000, February 2). Influence or Irrelevance: Can Social Science Improve Government. Speech to the Economic and Social Research Council. Available from: www.bera.ac.uk/beradev2002/root/archive/ri/no71/index.html. Accessed 18 Feb 2010.
  10. Blunkett, D. (2002, June 26). Home Secretary’s Speech to Social Market Foundation. London: Social Market FoundationGoogle Scholar
  11. Blunkett, D. (2006). The Blunkett Tapes: My Life in the Bear Pit. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  12. Blunkett, D., & Richards, D. (2011). Labour In and Out of Government: Political Ideas, Political Practice and the British Political Tradition. Political Studies Review, 9(2), 178–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bogdanor, V. (2005). Introduction. In V. Bogdanor (Ed.), Joined-Up Government (pp. 1–19). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Boswell, C. (2009). The Political Uses of Expert Knowledge: Immigration Policy and Social Research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Burch, M., & Holliday, I. (2004). The Blair Government and the Core Executive. Government and Opposition, 39(1), 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Burnham, P. (2001). New Labour and the Politics of Depoliticisation. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 3(2), 127–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Byrne, L. (2008a). Home Affairs Select Committee Hearing with Liam Byrne and Lin Homer on November 27. Available from: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200708/cmselect/cmhaff/123/7112701.htm. Accessed 10 July 2011.
  18. Byrne, L. (2008b, February 6). The Case for a New Migration System. Speech to the Local Government Association. Available from: http://press.homeoffice.gov.uk/Speeches/sp-lb-lga-feb-08. Accessed 10 July 2011.
  19. Cabinet Office. (1999a). Modernising Government. London: Cabinet Office.Google Scholar
  20. Cabinet Office. (1999b). Professional Policymaking in the 21st Century. London: Cabinet Office.Google Scholar
  21. Cabinet Office. (2000). Wiring It Up: Whitehall’s Management of Cross-Cutting Policies and Services. London: Performance and Innovation Unit.Google Scholar
  22. Cabinet Office. (2001). Modernising Policy Development. London: Cabinet Office.Google Scholar
  23. Cabinet Office. (2006). Capability Review of the Home Office. London: Cabinet Office.Google Scholar
  24. Callaghan, J. (1983). Cumber and Variableness. In The Home Office: Perspectives on Policy and Administration (pp. 19–22). London: Royal Institute of Public Administrations.Google Scholar
  25. Caulkin, S. (2006). Why Things Fell Apart for Joined-up Thinking. The Observer [Online]. Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2006/feb/26/publicservices.politics
  26. Chapman, R. A. (2002). Treasury in Public Policy-Making. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Clark, T. (2002). New Labour’s Big Idea: Joined-up Government. Social Policy and Society, 1(2), 107–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Council of Europe. (2000). Europe’s Population and Labour Market Beyond 2000. Germany: Council of Europe.Google Scholar
  29. DTI (Department for Trade and Industry). (1998). Our Competitive Future: Building the Knowledge Driven Economy. London: DTI.Google Scholar
  30. Dustmann, C., Casanova, M., Fertig, M., Preston, I., & Schmidt, C. (2005). The Impact of EU Enlargement on Migration Flows Home Office Report 25/03. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
  31. Düvell, F., & Jordan, B. (2003). Immigration Control and the Management of Economic Migration in the United Kingdom: Organisational Culture, Implementation, Enforcement and Identity Processes in Public Services. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 29(2), 299–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Fawcett, P., & Rhodes, R. A. W. (2007). Central Government. In A. Seldon (Ed.), Blair’s Britain 1994–2007. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  33. FCO (Foreign and Commonwealth Office). (2002, December 10). Jack Straw Announces the Extension of the Free Movement of People Rights to EU Candidate Countries on Accession. FCO Press Release.Google Scholar
  34. Finlayson, A. (2003). Making Sense of New Labour. London: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar
  35. Gilpin, N., Henty, M., Lemos, S., Portes, J., & Bullen, C. (2006). The Impact of Free Movement of Workers from Central and Eastern Europe on the UK Labour Market. London: DWP.Google Scholar
  36. Glover, S., Gott, C., Loizillon, A., Portes, J., Price, R., Spencer, S., Srinivasan, V., & Willis, C. (2001). Migration: An Economic and Social Analysis. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
  37. Gott, C., & Johnson, K. (2002). The Migrant Population in the UK: Fiscal Effects, RDS 77. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
  38. Government Actuary Department. (2002). National Population Projections, 2000 Based, Series PP2, No. 23. London: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  39. Hall, P. (1993). Policy Paradigms, Social Learning, and the State: The Case of Economic Policymaking in Britain. Comparative Politics, 25(3), 275–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hansard HC Deb. vol. 391 cols. 534-6, 28 October 2002.Google Scholar
  41. Hansard HC Deb. vol. 418 cols. 870-8, 2 March 2004.Google Scholar
  42. Hansen, R. (2000). Citizenship and Immigration in Post-war Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Head, B. W. (2010). Reconsidering Evidence-Based Policy: Key Issues and Challenges. Policy and Society, 29(2), 77–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Heffernan, R. (2006). The Prime Minister and the News Media: Political Communication as a Leadership Resource. Parliamentary Affairs, 59(4), 582–598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Hennessy, P. (2002). The Blair Government in Historical Perspective: An Analysis of the Power Relationships Within New Labour. History Today, 52(1), 21–23.Google Scholar
  46. HM Government. (2009). PSA Delivery Agreement 3: Ensure Controlled, Fair Migration that Protects the Public and Contributes to Economic Growth. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
  47. HM Treasury. (2000a). Budget 2000, March. London: Treasury.Google Scholar
  48. HM Treasury. (2000b). Productivity in the UK: The Evidence and the Government’s Approach. London: Treasury. Available from: www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/d/ACF1FBA.pdf. Accessed 10 Mar 2013.
  49. HM Treasury. (2000c). Spending Review 2000: New Public Spending Plans 2001–2004. London: HM Treasury.Google Scholar
  50. HM Treasury. (2002). Trend Growth: Recent Developments and Prospects. London: HM Treasury.Google Scholar
  51. HM Treasury. (2003). Budget Report 2003: Building a Britain of Economic Strength and Social Justice. London: HM Treasury. Available from: www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/d/budget_2003.pdf. Accessed 27 Jan 2013.
  52. HM Treasury. (2004). Long-Term Global Economic Challenges and Opportunities for the UK. London: HM Treasury. Available from: www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/d/pbr04global_421.pdf. Accessed 24 Apr 2013.
  53. Home Office. (2001). Bridging the Information Gaps: A Conference of Research on Asylum and Immigration in the UK. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
  54. Home Office. (2002). Secure Borders, Safe Havens. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
  55. Home Office. (2007). Departmental Report, 2007. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
  56. House of Lords. (2008). The Economic Impact of Immigration. House of Lords Select Committee on Economic Affairs, 1st Report of session 2007–8. London: Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  57. Howlett, M., Ramesh, M., & Perl, A. (2009). Studying Public Policy: Policy Cycles and Policysubsystems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  58. Kavanagh, D., & Richards, D. (2001). Departmentalism and Joined-up Government: Back to the Future? Parliamentary Affairs, 54(1), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Liaison Committee. (2001/2002). Minutes of Evidence. London: UK Parliament. Available from: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200102/cmselect/cmliaisn/cmliaisn.htm. Accessed 27 Dec 2012.
  60. Ling, T. (2002). Delivering Joined-up Government in the UK: Dimensions, Issues and Problems. Public Administration, 80(4), 615–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Majone, G. (1989). Evidence, Argument, and Persuasion in the Policy Process. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  62. Mandelson, P. (2010). The Third Man. London: Harper Press.Google Scholar
  63. Mandleson, P. (1996, February 25). Interview with Peter Mandleson. BBC.Google Scholar
  64. Moseley, A. (2009, September). Joined-up Government: Rational Administration or Bureaucratic Politics? Paper Presented to the Politics of Public Services Panel, Public Administration Committee Annual Conference.Google Scholar
  65. Mulgan, G. (2005). Joined-up Government: Past, Present, Future. In V. Bogdanor (Ed.), Joined-up Government (pp. 175–187). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. NAO (National Audit Office). (2001). Modern Policy-Making: Ensuring Policies Deliver Value for Money. Report by the Controller and Auditor General, HC 289 Session 2001–2002: November 2001. London: National Audit Office.Google Scholar
  67. OECD. (2001). Trends in Immigration and Economic Consequences. London: OECD.Google Scholar
  68. OECD. (2009). Sopemi Country Notes. Available from: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/43/0/44068261.pdf. Accessed 1 Aug 2010.
  69. Page, E. C. (2005). Joined-up Government and the Civil Service. In V. Bogdanor (Ed.), Joined-Up Government (pp. 139–156). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Pollitt, C. (2003). Joined-up Government: A Survey. Political Studies, 1(1), 34–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Richards, D., & Smith, M. (1997). How Departments Change: Windows of Opportunity and Critical Junctures in Three Departments. Public Policy and Administration, 12(2), 62–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Richards, D., & Smith, M. J. (2005, April). Institutional Reform for Political Control: Analysing the British Labour Government’s Approach to the Pathologies of Governance. Paper Presented to a Scanor Workshop in Collobaration with SOG.Google Scholar
  73. Richards, D., & Smith, M. (2007). Central Control and Policy Implementation in the UK: A Case Study of the Prime Minister’s Delivery Unit. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, 8(4), 325–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Rose, R. (1991). What Is Lesson-Drawing? Journal of Public Policy, 11(1), 3–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Sabatier, P. A., and Jenkins-Smith, H. (1993). Policy Change and Learning: An Advocacy Coalition Approach. Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  76. Schifferes, S. (2002, June 17). Analysis: Who Gains from Immigration? BBC News. Available from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/2019385.stm. Accessed 17 Jan 2012.
  77. Shaw, C. (2001). United Kingdom Population Trends in the 21st Century. Population Trends 103. London: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  78. Smith, J. (2007, December 5). Shared Protections, Shared Values: Next Steps on Migration. Speech to the London School of Economics and Political Science, London. Available from: http://www.lse.ac.uk/government/research/resgroups/MSU/event-jacquismith.aspx. Accessed 17 June 2010.
  79. Spencer, S. (2011). The Migration Debate. Bristol: Policy Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Thelen, K. (2004). How Institutions Evolve. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. TNA FCO 50//532 Immigration Policy Review of FCO Functions; Letter to Mr Hawley from H. E. Rigney, Inspection Report on Migration and Visa Departments, August 1975.Google Scholar
  82. TNA FCO 50/585 Meeting on Immigration Between FCO and Home Office Ministers; Memo to Secretary of State from Mr Luard, 24 May 1976.Google Scholar
  83. Wells, P. (2007). New Labour and Evidence Based Policymaking: 1997–2007. People, Place & Policy Online, 1(1), 22–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Williams, P. (2004). Who’s Making UK Foreign Policy? International Affairs, 80(5), 911–929.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Wright, C. (2010). Policy Legacies and the Politics of Labour Immigration Selection and Control (PhD Dissertation). Cambridge University.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erica Consterdine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Politics and Sussex Centre for Migration ResearchUniversity of SussexBrightonUK

Personalised recommendations