Advertisement

The Politics of Consultation in Urban Development and Its Encounters with Local Administration

  • Anne Vogelpohl
Chapter

Abstract

Urban policies are increasingly influenced by globally operating experts. Vogelpohl’s paper addresses tactics and techniques of private management consultancies to gain influence on cities. These experts on market economies have become particularly powerful to draft urban future strategies in late-neoliberal times. The paper discusses the general role of experts in neoliberal reason, and then, with a focus on the two German cities Essen and Berlin, analyzes how consultancies proceed through comparative, visionary, simplifying, and activating techniques. Resulting policy strategies, however, eventually differ from political practice and local administrations break with the consulting schemes through contextualizing, participating, opening, and slowing. The paper thus contributes both to understand the contemporary urban political as influenced by consulting and to differentiate the debate on critique and resistance against it.

References

  1. Boltanski, L., & Chiapello, E. (2006). The new spirit of capitalism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  2. David, R. J. (2012). Institutional change and the growth of strategy consulting in the United States. In M. Kipping & T. Clark (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of management consulting. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Davidson, M., & Iveson, K. (2015). Recovering the politics of the city: From the ‘post-political city’ to a ‘method of equality’ for critical urban geography. Progress in Human Geography, 39(5), 543–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dikeç, M. (2002). Police, politics, and the right to the city. GeoJournal, 58(2–3), 91–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fekete, L. (2015). Neoliberalism and popular racism: The shifting shape of the European right. In L. Panitch & G. Albo (Eds.), The politics of the right. New York: NYU Press.Google Scholar
  6. Gellner, W. (1994). Politikberatung durch nichtstaatliche akteure. Typen, funktionen, strategien. In A. Murswieck (Ed.), Regieren und politikberatung. Opladen: Leske + Budrich.Google Scholar
  7. Harvey, D. (1989). From managerialism to entrepreneurialism. The transformation in urban governance in late capitalism. Geografiska Annaler B, 71(1), 3–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jonas, M. (2014). The Dortmund case: On the enactment of an urban economic imaginary. International Journal for Urban and Regional Research, 38(6), 2123–2140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kipping, M., & Wright, C. (2012). Consultants in context: Global dominance, societal effect, and the capitalist system. In M. Kipping & T. Clark (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of management consulting. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Larner, W. (2014). The limits of post-politics: Rethinking radical social enterprise. In J. Wilson & E. Swyngedouw (Eds.), The post-political and its discontents: Spaces of depoliticisation, spectres of radical politics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Larner, W., & Craig, D. (2005). After neoliberalism? Community activism and local partnerships in Aotearoa, New Zealand. Antipode, 37(3), 402–424.Google Scholar
  12. MacLeod, G. (2011). Urban politics reconsidered. Growth machine to postdemocratic city? Urban Studies, 48(12), 2629–2660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. McCann, E. (2005). Urban citizenship, public participation, and a critical geography of architecture. In D. Wastl-Walter, L. A. Staeheli, & L. Dowler (Eds.), Rights to the city. Rome: Società Geografica Italiana.Google Scholar
  14. McCann, E. (2011). Urban policy mobilities and global circuits of knowledge: Toward a research agenda. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 101(1), 107–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. McKinsey. (2010). Berlin 2020. Unsere Stadt. Wirtschaftliche Perspektiven durch neue Wachstumskerne. Berlin: McKinsey & Company.Google Scholar
  16. McKinsey Berlin. (2013). Berlin gründet. Fünf Initiativen für die Start-up-Metropole Europas. Berlin: McKinsey.Google Scholar
  17. McNeill, D. (2015). Global firms and smart technologies: IBM and the reduction of cities. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 40(4), 562–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mitchell, K. (2006). ‘Liberating the city: Between New York and New Orleans’. A response. Urban Geography, 27(8), 722–729.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mitchell, T. (2002). The rule of experts. Egypt, techno-politics, modernity. Berkeley: The University of California Press.Google Scholar
  20. Mitchell, T. (2009). How neoliberalism makes its world. The urban property rights project in Peru. In P. Mirowski & D. Plehwe (Eds.), The road from Mont Pèlerin. The making of the neoliberal thought collective. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Peck, J. (2010). Constructions of neoliberal reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Peck, J., & Theodore, N. (2015). Fast policy. Experimental statecraft at the thresholds of neoliberalism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Prince, R. (2012). Policy transfer, consultants and the geographies of governance. Progress in Human Geography, 36(2), 188–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Resch, C. (2005). Berater-kapitalismus oder wissensgesellschaft? Zur kritik der neoliberalen produktionsweise. Münster: Westfälisches Dampfboot.Google Scholar
  25. Saint-Martin, D. (2012). Governments and management consultants: Supply, demand, and effectiveness. In M. Kipping & T. Clark (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of management consulting. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Stadt Essen. (2013). Strategieprozess Essen.2030. Ausarbeitung zum projektstatus. Essen.Google Scholar
  27. Vogelpohl, A. (2017a). McKinseyization or governmental policy? Management consultancies in urban development strategies. The case “Metropolis Hamburg—Growing city”. Raumforschung und Raumordnung, 75(4), 327–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Vogelpohl, A. (2017b). Consulting completed: Temporal aspects of expertise in urban development during times of fast policies. Geographica Helvetica, 72(1), 65–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Volkmann, U. (2012). Reine vernunft—Zehn skizzen über den aufstieg der experten und den abschied des politischen. Merkur—Deutsche Zeitschrift für europäisches Denken, 66(9–10), 765–775.Google Scholar
  30. Vradis, A. (2012). The right against the city. Retrieved from http://criticallegalthinking.com/2012/10/24/the-right-against-the-city/
  31. Whatmore, S. (2009). Mapping knowledge controversies: Science, democracy and the redistribution of expertise. Progress in Human Geography, 33(5), 587–598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Vogelpohl
    • 1
  1. 1.Department for GeographyUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations