Advertisement

Organizational Configurations and Configurational Change

  • Sorin Adam Matei
  • Brian C. Britt
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Social Networks book series (LNSN)

Abstract

This chapter explores the area of organizational configurations and links it with the evolutionary and revolutionary changes that we may observe in those configurations. We start by assessing the model laid out by Mintzberg (1979), significantly expanding on it by developing a comprehensive protocol to align any given organization with Mintzberg’s theoretical archetypes. This is then connected, on both a conceptual level and a measurement level, with the evolutionary and revolutionary changes that we may observe in those configurations, thereby yielding a new approach for researchers to directly observe and comprehend the development of organizational configurations over time. This is a vital piece of our larger theoretical model that specifies the mechanisms through which social structuration occurs in online collaborative groups.

References

  1. Bailey KD (1990) Social entropy theory. State University of New York Press, AlbanyGoogle Scholar
  2. Boumgarden P, Nickerson J, Zenger TR (2012) Sailing into the wind: exploring the relationships among ambidexterity, vacillation, and organizational performance. Strateg Manag J 33:587–610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Britt BC (2011) System-level motivating factors for collaboration on Wikipedia: a longitudinal network analysis. Thesis, Purdue UniversityGoogle Scholar
  4. Britt BC (2013) Evolution and revolution of organizational configurations on Wikipedia: a longitudinal network analysis. Dissertation, Purdue UniversityGoogle Scholar
  5. Britt BC, Matei SA, Braun D (2011) Mining large-scale online communities: the development and dispersion of tools for analyzing collaborative processes and structures. Paper presented at the Sunbelt Social Network Conference XXXI, St. Pete Beach, 8–13 Feb 2011Google Scholar
  6. Bruno RJ (2010) Social differentiation, participation inequality and optimal collaborative learning online. Dissertation, Purdue UniversityGoogle Scholar
  7. Butler B, Joyce E, Pike J (2008) Don’t look now, but we’ve created a bureaucracy: the nature and roles of policies and rules in Wikipedia. In: Czerwinski M, Lund A (eds) Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on human factors in computing systems (CHI 2008). ACM Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Ehmann K, Large A, Behesti J (2008) Collaboration in context: comparing article evolution among subject disciplines in Wikipedia. First Monday 13(10). https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v13i10.2217. http://firstmonday.org/article/view/2217/2034Google Scholar
  9. Fallis D (2008) Toward an epistemology of Wikipedia. J Am Soc Inf Sci Technol 59(10):1662–1674CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Faucher J-BPL, Everett AM, Lawson R (2008) A complex adaptive organization under the lens of the LIFE model: the case of Wikipedia. In: Gray B (ed) Proceedings of the 11th McGill international entrepreneurship conference, Dunedin, 2008Google Scholar
  11. Finkelstein S, Hambrick DC, Cannella AA Jr (2009) Strategic leadership: theory and research on executive, top management teams, and boards. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Fiss PC (2011) Building better causal theories: a fuzzy set approach to typologies in organization research. Acad Manag J 54:393–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Freeman LC (1979) Centrality in networks: I. Conceptual clarification. Soc Networks 1:215–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gersick CJ (1991) Revolutionary change theories: a multilevel exploration of the punctuated equilibrium paradigm. Acad Manag Rev 16:10–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Greiner LE (1972) Evolution and revolution as organizations grow. Harv Bus Rev 50(4):37–46Google Scholar
  16. Greiner LE (1994) Evolution and revolution as organizations grow. In: Mainiero L, Tromley C (eds) Developing managerial skills in organizational behavior: exercises, cases, and readings, 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, pp 322–329Google Scholar
  17. He Z (2011) Measuring the development of Wikipedia. Paper presented at the 2nd international conference on Internet technology and applications, Wuhan, 16–18 Aug 2011Google Scholar
  18. Ireland RD, Covin JG, Kuratko DF (2009) Conceptualizing corporate entrepreneurship strategy. Entrep Theory Pract 33(1):19–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jameson J (2011) Leadership of shared spaces in online learning communities. Int J Web Based Communities 7:463–477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jemielniak D (2012) Wikipedia: an effective anarchy. Paper presented at the society for applied anthropology 2012 annual meeting, Baltimore, 27–31 Mar 2012Google Scholar
  21. Kittur A, Chi EH, Pendleton BA, Suh B, Mytkowicz T (2007) Power of the few vs. wisdom of the crowd: Wikipedia and the rise of the bourgeoisie. Paper presented at the 25th annual ACM conference on human factors in computing systems (CHI 2007), San Jose, 28 Apr-3 May 2007Google Scholar
  22. Konieczny P (2010) Adhocratic governance in the internet age: a case of Wikipedia. J Inf Technol Polit 7(4):263–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kuk G (2006) Strategic interaction and knowledge sharing in the KDE developer mailing list. Manag Sci 52(7):1031–1042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Levy A, Merry U (1986) Organizational transformation: approaches, strategies, theories. Praeger Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Matei SA, Bruno RJ (2015) Pareto’s 80/20 law and social differentiation: a social entropy perspective. Public Relat Rev 41(2):178–186Google Scholar
  26. Matei SA, Dobrescu C (2011) Wikipedia’s “neutral point of view”: settling conflict through ambiguity. Inf Soc 27(1):40–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Matei SA, Bruno RJ, Morris P (2010a) Visible effort: a social entropy methodology for managing computer-mediated collaborative learning. Paper presented at the Global Communication Forum, Shanghai, 29–30 Sept 2010Google Scholar
  28. Matei SA, Oh K, Bruno R (2010b) Collaboration and communication in online environments: a social entropy approach. In: Oancea M (ed) Comunicare şi comportament organizational (communication and organizational behavior). Printech, Bucharest, pp 82–98Google Scholar
  29. Matei SA, Bertino E, Zhu M, Liu C, Si L, Britt BC (2015) A research agenda for the study of entropic social structural evolution, functional roles, adhocratic leadership styles, and credibility in online organizations and knowledge markets. In: Bertino E, Matei SA (eds) Roles, trust, and reputation in social media knowledge markets: theory and methods. Springer, New York, pp 3–33Google Scholar
  30. Mateos-Garcia J, Steinmueller WE (2006) Open, but how much? Growth, conflict, and institutional evolution in Wikipedia and Debian. Paper presented at EU-DIME International Conference 2006, Durham, 27–28 Oct 2006Google Scholar
  31. McPhee RD, Poole MS (2001) Organizational structures and configurations. In: Jablin FM, Putnam LL (eds) The new handbook of organizational communication: advances in theory, research, and methods. Sage, Thousand Oaks, pp 503–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McPhee RD, Zaug P (2009) The communicative constitution of organizations. In: Putnam LL, Nicotera AM (eds) Building theories of organization: the constitutive role of communication. Routledge, New York, pp 21–48Google Scholar
  33. Mezias SJ, Glynn MA (1993) The three faces of corporate renewal: institution, revolution, and evolution. Strateg Manag J 14:77–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mieth H (2007) The history of McDonald’s. GRIN Publishing, MunichGoogle Scholar
  35. Miller D, Friesen P (1980) Archetypes of organizational transition. Adm Sci Q 25:268–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mintzberg H (1979) The structuring of organizations: a synthesis of the research. Prentice Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  37. Mintzberg H (1989) Mintzberg on management: inside our strategic world of organizations. Free Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  38. Müller-Seitz G, Reger G (2010) ‘Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia’ as a role model? Lessons for open innovation from an exploratory examination of the supposedly democratic-anarchic nature of Wikipedia. Int J Technol Manag 52:457–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Newman MEJ (2002) Assortative mixing in networks. Phys Rev Lett 89:1. article 208701Google Scholar
  40. O’Neil M (2010) Wikipedia and authority. In: Lovink G, Tkacz N (eds) Critical point of view: a Wikipedia reader. Institute of Network Cultures, Amsterdam, pp 309–324Google Scholar
  41. Ortega F, Gonzalez-Barahona JM, Robles G (2008) On the inequality of contributions to Wikipedia. In: Proceedings of the 41st Hawaii international conference on system sciences (HICSS ‘08), IEEE, Washington DC, 7–10 Jan 2008Google Scholar
  42. Pamkowska M (2008) Autopoiesis in virtual organizations. Informatica Economică 1(45):33–39Google Scholar
  43. Rainey HG (2003) Understanding & managing public organizations, 3rd edn. Jossey-Bass, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  44. Sanger L (2006) The early history of Nupedia and Wikipedia: a memoir. In: DiBona C, Stone M, Cooper D (eds) Open sources 2.0: the continuing evolution. O’Reilly Media, Sebastopol, pp 307–338Google Scholar
  45. Shannon CE, Weaver W (1948) The mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois Press, UrbanazbMATHGoogle Scholar
  46. Shirky C (2008) Here comes everybody: the power of organizing without organizations. Penguin, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  47. Surowiecki J (2004) The wisdom of crowds: why the many are smarter than the few and how collective wisdom shapes business, economies, societies, and nations, 1st edn. Doubleday, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  48. Viégas FB, Wattenberg M, McKeon MM (2007) The hidden order of Wikipedia. In: Schuler D (ed) Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on online communities and social computing. Springer, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  49. Wikimedia (2011) Is Wikipedia an experiment in anarchy? http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Is_Wikipedia_an_experiment_in_anarchy. Accessed 31 Jan 2017
  50. Wikimedia (2012) Wikipedia power structure. http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Power_structure. Accessed 4 Mar 2013
  51. Wikimedia (2013) Stewards. http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Steward. Accessed 29 Jan 2017
  52. Wikipedia (2012) Wikipedia:The Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:The_Free_Encyclopedia. Accessed 8 Oct 2012
  53. Wikipedia (2013a) Wikipedia:Bureaucrats. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Bureaucrats. Accessed 29 Jan 2017
  54. Wikipedia (2013b) Wikipedia:List of administrators. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:List_of_administrators. Accessed 29 Jan 2017

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sorin Adam Matei
    • 1
  • Brian C. Britt
    • 2
  1. 1.Purdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.South Dakota State UniversityBrookingsUSA

Personalised recommendations