2 Sinonasal and Parasellar Anatomy

  • Maria Peris-CeldaEmail author
  • Carlos D. Pinheiro-Neto
  • Rowan Valentine
  • Albert L. Rhoton


The endoscopic endonasal route has been developed as an effective way to access lesions located in the ventral skull base from the crista galli to the odontoid with defined anatomic limits laterally. Thorough knowledge of the sinonasal anatomy and adjacent intracranial structures has become an essential tool for neurosurgeons to perform accurate and safe procedures. Expanded endonasal endoscopic approaches to the skull base demand a new perspective of the surgical anatomy that completes and integrates the classical microsurgical anatomy. In this chapter, the sinonasal anatomy and variants are reviewed and guided through detailed anatomical dissections.


Sinus Frontal Sphenoid Ethmoid Maxillary Parasellar Anatomy Endoscopic endonasal Transsphenoidal Pituitary 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Peris-Celda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carlos D. Pinheiro-Neto
    • 2
  • Rowan Valentine
    • 3
  • Albert L. Rhoton
    • 4
  1. 1.Pituitary and Cranial Base Surgery, Department of NeurosurgeryAlbany Medical CenterAlbanyUSA
  2. 2.Division of Otolaryngology and Head-Neck Surgery, Department of SurgeryAlbany Medical CenterAlbanyUSA
  3. 3.The Queen Elizabeth HospitalUniversity of Aldelaide, Otolaryngology, Head and Neck SurgeryWoodvilleAustralia
  4. 4.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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