10 Keyhole Supraorbital Craniotomy: Eyelid and Eyebrow Approaches

  • Gordon Mao
  • Nouman Aldahak
  • Khaled Abdel AzizEmail author


The keyhole supraorbital craniotomy provides a versatile approach to many vascular lesions and tumors of the anterior and middle fossa. Eyelid and eyebrow approaches allow the keyhole craniotomy to also minimize soft tissue trauma to the scalp and face. These techniques reduce initial exposure time, blood loss, and postsurgical pain and discomfort with very low infection rates compared to the traditional pterional approach. Both the eyelid and eyebrow incision have excellent long-term cosmetic outcomes and patient satisfaction rates.


Eyelid Eyebrow Supraorbital craniotomy Transpalpebral Transciliary Vascular neurosurgery Sphenoid wing meningioma 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gordon Mao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nouman Aldahak
    • 3
    • 4
  • Khaled Abdel Aziz
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryAllegheny General HospitalPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryDrexel Medical SchoolPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurosurgeryHôpital LariboisièreParisFrance
  4. 4.Department of NeurosurgeryDrexel Medical SchoolPittsburghUSA

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