Object Detection Resource Usage Within a Remote Real-Time Video Stream

  • Mark Smith
  • Ananda MaitiEmail author
  • Andrew D. Maxwell
  • Alexander A. Kist
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 22)


The growth in remote education through technologies such as Remote Access Laboratories has progressed to a stage where automated interpretations of visual scenes within a video stream are necessary to provide enhanced learning experiences. Augmented Reality tools are under development to expand the current reach and immersion of remote laboratories. Network capabilities between the experiment host and the client can affect the level of these enhancements. Augmented Reality relies on sensory engagement, which is critically linked to the synchronization between the real-time scenes and the computer-generated enhancements. This work highlights the problems of incorporating Augmented Reality into Remote Access Laboratories, and the methods to improve the level of user immersion.


Remote laboratories Augmented reality Computer network Data clustering 


  1. Benetazzo, L., Bertocco, M., Ferraris, F., Ferrero, A., Offelli, C., Parvis, M., Piuri, V.: A web-based distributed virtual educational laboratory. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49(2), 349–356 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Milgram, P., Kishino, F.: A taxonomy of mixed reality visual displays. IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst. 77(12), 1321–1329 (1994)Google Scholar
  3. Kist, A.A., Maiti, A., Maxwell, A.D., Orwin, L., Midgley, W., Noble, K., Ting, W.: Overlay network architectures for peer-to-peer remote access laboratories. In: 2014 11th International Conference on Remote Engineering and Virtual Instrumentation (REV), pp. 274–280. IEEE, February 2014Google Scholar
  4. Overstreet, J.W., Tzes, A.: Internet-based client/server virtual instrument designs for real-time remote-access control engineering laboratory. In: Proceedings of the 1999 American Control Conference, vol. 2, pp. 1472–1476. IEEE, June 1999Google Scholar
  5. Fisher, E., Jensen, C.W.: PET and the IEEE 488 Bus (GPIB). OSBORNE/McGraw-Hill, Berkeley (1980)Google Scholar
  6. Gustavsson, I.: A remote access laboratory for electrical circuit experiments. Int. J. Eng. 19, 409–419 (2003)Google Scholar
  7. Azuma, R.T.: A survey of augmented reality. Presence Teleoper. Virtual Environ. 6(4), 355–385 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Wagner, D., Schmalstieg, D.: First steps towards handheld augmented reality. In: ISWC, vol. 3, p. 127, October 2003Google Scholar
  9. Maiti, A., Kist, A.A., Maxwell, A.D.: Estimation of round trip time in distributed real time system architectures. In: Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference (ATNAC), 2013 Australasian, pp. 57–62. IEEE, November 2013Google Scholar
  10. Fazli, S., Pour, H.M., Bouzari, H.: A novel GMM-based motion segmentation method for complex background. In: 2009 5th IEEE GCC Conference & Exhibition, pp. 1–5. IEEE, March 2009Google Scholar
  11. Ester, M., Kriegel, H.P., Sander, J., Xu, X.: A density-based algorithm for discovering clusters in large spatial databases with noise. In: KDD, vol. 96, no. 34, pp. 226–231, August 1996Google Scholar
  12. Stauffer, C., Grimson, W.E.L.: Learning patterns of activity using real-time tracking. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 22(8), 747–757 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Maiti, A., Kist, A., Smith, M.: Key aspects of integrating augmented reality tools into peer-to-peer remote laboratory user interfaces. In: 2016 13th International Conference on Remote Engineering and Virtual Instrumentation (REV), pp. 16–23. IEEE, February 2016Google Scholar
  14. Grimson, W.E.L., Stauffer, C., Romano, R., Lee, L.: Using adaptive tracking to classify and monitor activities in a site. In: Proceedings of 1998 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 1998, pp. 22–29. IEEE, June 1998Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Smith
    • 1
  • Ananda Maiti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrew D. Maxwell
    • 1
  • Alexander A. Kist
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringUSQToowoombaAustralia

Personalised recommendations