An Investigation of Concrete Strength of Hybrid Construction Materials Under the Effect of Heat

  • Ferhat Aydın
  • Metin İpek
  • Kutalmış Akça
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 7)


The hybrid use of concrete and Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic (GFRP) profiles in construction material technologies in recent years offers many new opportunities. Filling fresh concrete into GFRP profile allows for obtaining superior advantages compared to component materials. The purpose of this study is to investigate the change in the strength of concrete in hybrid material exposed to high temperatures. To this end, hybrid compressive samples were prepared by filling GFRP composite box profiles with concrete and plain concrete samples were prepared for comparison. The cubic samples were exposed to high temperatures at 25–200–400–600–800 °C. Strength losses of the plain concrete and the concrete in the hybrid material, which had the same dimensions, under the effect of heat were determined.


GFRP Concrete Heat Hybrid materials Compressive strength 


  1. 1.
    Mirmiran A, Shahawy M (1997) Behavior of concrete columns confined by fiber composites. J Struct Eng 123:583–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fam AZ, Rızkalla SH (2001) Confinement model for axially loaded concrete confined by circular FRP tubes. ACI Struct J 98(4):251–461Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Becque J, Patnaık AK, Rizkalla SH (2003) Analytical models for concrete confined with FRP tubes. J. Compos Constr 7–1:31–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yu T, Wong YL, Teng JG, Dong SL, Lam ESS (2006) Flexural behavior of hybrid FRP-concrete-steel double-skin tubular members. J Compo Constr ASCE 10(5):443–452 Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ozbakkaloglu Togay (2013) Compressive behavior of concrete-filled FRP tube columns: assessment of critical column parameters. Eng Struct 51:188–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mostafa F, Genda C (2016) Compressive behavior of FRP-confined concrete-filled PVC tubular columns. Compos Struct 141:91–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hong WK, Kım HC, Yoon SH (2002) Experiment of compressive strength enhancement of circular concrete column confined by carbon tubes. KCI Concr J 14(4):19–144MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schaumann E (2008) Hybrid FRP-lightweight concrete sandwich system for engineering structures. Ph.D. thesisGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Aydın F (2011) Investigation of mechanic performance of hybrid structural element produced using glass fibre reinforced plastic (GFRP) composite and concrete. Ph.D. thesis, Sakarya University, Science Institute, Sakarya, TurkeyGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Aydın F, Sarıbıyık M (2013) Investigation of flexural behaviors of hybrid beams formed with GFRP box section and concrete. Constr Build Mater 41:563–569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Aydın F (2016) Effects of various temperatures on the mechanical strength of GFRP box profiles. Constr Build Mater 127:843–849CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Keller T, Schaumann E, Vallée T (2007) Flexural behavior of a hybrid FRP and lightweight concrete sandwich bridge deck. Compos A 38(3):879–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hall J, Mottram J (1998) Combined FRP reinforcement and permanent formwork for concrete members. J Compos Constr 2(2):78–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cannıng L, Hollaway L, Thorne AM (1999) An investigation of the composite action of an FRP/concrete prismatic beam. Constr Build Mater 13:417–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rıbeıro MCS, Tavares CML, António JMF, Marques AOT (2002) Static flexural performance of GFRP-polymer concrete hybrid beams. Key Eng Mater 230–232:148–151 (Advanced Materials Forum I)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tianhong L, Peng F, Lieping Y (2006) Experimental study on FRP-concrete hybrid beams. In: Third international conference on FRP composites in civil engineering (CICE 2006), Miami, Florida, USA, December 13–15Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fam A, Schnerch D, Rızkalla S (2005) Rectangular filament-wound glass fiber reinforced polymer tubes filled with concrete under flexural axial loading: experimental investigation. J Compos Constr ASCE 9(1):25–33 Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hamdy MM, Radhouane M (2010) Flexural strength and behavior of steel and FRP-reinforced concrete-filled FRP tube beams. Eng Struct 32:3789–3800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mirmiran A, Shahawy M, Samaan M (1999) Strength and ductility of hybrid FRP-concrete beam-columns. ASCE J Struct Eng 125(10):1085–1093Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Aydın F, Sarıbıyık M (2010) Compressive and flexural behavior of hybrid use of GFRP profile with concrete. In: International symposium on sustainable development (ISSD 2010), Sarajevo, Bosnia and HerzegovinaGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Aydın F, ve Sarıbıyık M (2011) Investıgatıon of cure effect in hybrid use of GFRP box profiles with concrete. e-J New World Sci Acad 6(4), Article Number: 1A0211:991–1000Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    TSE 802 (2009) Design of Concrete Mix, Turkish Standards Institute, TurkeyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sakarya UniversitySerdivanTurkey

Personalised recommendations